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50 terms

Internet and Networking

Terms from the Internet and Networking unit.
STUDY
PLAY
bandwidth
The amount of data that can be transmitted over a network in a given amount of time.
ISP
Who you 'pay' for Internet access
Dial-up
connecting to the internet via a phone line
broadband
high-speed Internet access
browser
software used to access and view webpages
http
hypertext transfer protocol are the rules computers use to transfer web pages across the Internet
https
Secured http
FTP
protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network
html
HyperText Markup Language, the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.
search engine
A software program you can use to find Web sites, Web pages, and Internet files.
meta-tags
assist search engines in properly categorizing your Web pages and help validators find syntax errors.
hyperlink
a link from a hypertext file to another location or file
web server
A computer that delivers (servers) Web pages you request.
ip address
a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet
firewall
hardware and/or software that guards a private network by analyzing the information leaving and entering the network
data packets
small distinct units of data that are exchanged between nodes on a network
.com
commercial website extension
.org
non-profit website extension
.gov
federal government website extension
protocol
helper 'application' designed for one specific purpose
Internet
the world's largest network
intranet
a company's private Web or network
download
to transfer a file from the Internet or other computer to your own computer
upload
to transfer a file from your own computer to the Internet or other computer
spam
unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk)
adware
any software application in which advertising banners are displayed while the program is running
spyware
computer software that is designed to collect personal info about users without their informed consent
virus
a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer
anti-virus
software designed to search for viruses, notify users when they are found, and remove them
rss
real simple syndication feed from a website, allows for the simple retrieval of newly added content
trojan horse
a program that appears desirable but actually contains something harmful
cookies
small computer programs left behind on your computer when you visit a website
ARPANET
Advanced research project agency network - 'the first Internet'
mosaic
the first browser
blog
online journal
wiki
Collaborative writing tool
certificate
a document proving ownership and/or security of a website
domain name
identifies a site on the Internet
LAN
a local computer network for communication between computers
WAN
a computer network that spans a wider area than does a local area network
open source
A method and philosophy for free software licensing and distribution designed to encourage use and improvement of software.
router
a device that examines each packet of data it receives and then decides which way to send it onward toward its destination
wi-fi
set of wireless networking technologies
smtp
send mail transfer protocol
pop
recieve mail protocol
plagiarism
a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work
copyright infringement
a violation of the rights secured by a copyright
plugins
displays multimedia content inside the web browser
javascript
a simple code that can be included in a Web page to allow an action to occur - adds to HTML
boolean search
a query that uses operators like; +, -. or " ".