50 terms

American History Group 8 Final

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St. Augustine
First permanent European settlement in the New World
Federal republic
Type of government established by the U.S. Constitution
Virginia
Colony that established the House of Burgesses
Lexington
Where the first shots of the War for Independence were fired
Saratoga
Battle that was the turning point of the War for Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Ended the tributes to the Barbary pirates
George Washington
First U.S. President
The free enterprise system works better than the common-store system because it promotes personal responsibility.
What did Jamestown prove about economics?
Three branches of government provided for checks and balances and guarded against man's sinful nature.
Why did the Constitution provide for three branches of government?
Because England was no longer a major threat, Americans were free to move west.
How did the War of 1812 affect the expansion of the United States?
Old Deluder Satan Act
Established the first town school system in America
Magna Carta
Prepared England for limited government
Stamp Act
Levied a tax on all legal documents
Loose
What type of interpretation of the Constitution did Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists stand for?
Executive
Branch of the government that enforces the laws
Judicial
Branch of the government that interprets the laws
Legislative
Branch of the government that makes the laws
France
Sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States
Spain
Supported Christopher Columbus in his expeditions to the New World
Ohio
First state of the Northwest Territory to be admitted to the Union
Wilderness Road
Trail through the Cumberland Gap that settlers used to travel west
Sacagawea
Indian guide that traveled with Lewis and Clark in the Louisiana Territory
Crusades
Revived interest in trade with the East
Squanto
English-speaking Indian who taught the Pilgrims how to hunt and fish
Francisco Coronado
Discovered the Grand Canyon
Hernando Cortes
Conquered the Aztecs
Harvard
First institution of higher learning in America
Roanoke
Colony established by Sir Walter Raleigh
Jamestown
First permanent English settlement in the New World
William Bradford
Second governor of Plymouth
Johann Gutenberg
Invented the movable-type printing press
Quartering Act
Made it legal to force colonists to supply housing for British soldiers
New England Primer
Most widely used textbook in colonial America
Phillis Wheatley
First black woman poet in America
Ethan Allen
Led the Green Mountain Boys to capture Fort Ticonderoga
New York City
The first capital of the United States under the Constitution
Benedict Arnold
American traitor that helped the British during the War for Independence
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the Constitution
John Paul Jones
Famous naval hero who shouted, "I have not yet begun to fight."
The Star-Spangled Banner
Written by Francis Scott Key during the battle at Fort McHenry
Tennessee River
Blue Ridge Mountains
North Carolina
Florida
Hudson River
New York
Georgia
Maine
Long Island
Lake Okeechobee