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Chapter 6 - Existential Therapy

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Which person is not associated with the existential movement?
Skinner
The basic goal of existential psychotherapy is
to expand self-awareness, to increase choice potentials, to help clients accept responsibility for choosing, and to help the client experience authentic existence.
Finding the "courage to be" involves
developing a will to move forward despite fears.
The British scolar working to develop training programs in existential therapy is
Emmy van Deurzen.
According to the existential view, anxiety is seen as
both part of the human condition and a catalyst for authentic living are true.
Existential therpay is best considered as
an approach to understanding humans.
Which of the following was not part of Stan's work in existential therapy
working on him inauthentic relationship with his siblings.
Philosophically, the existentialists would agree that
the final decision and choices rest with the client, people redefine themselves by their choices, a person can go beyond early conditioning and making choices can create anxiety.
The central issue in existential therapy is
freedom and responsibility.
According to the exestential viewpoint, death
gives significance to living.
Which technique is considered essential to existential therapy?
None of these options
In a group setting, clients learn
both, that there are no ultimate answers for ultimate concerns and that pain is a reality of the human experience are true.
Expanding awareness is
a basic goal of existential therapy.
Exestintial therapy is
a phenomenological approach to therapy.
The existential philosophy of therapy includes the notions that
both people are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone and people must create their own meanings through their choices.
The existential approach is
a reaction against spychoanalysis and a reaction against behaviorism.
Viktor Frankl's approach to existential therapy is known as
logotherapy.
Which of the following is not true about Rollo May?
He believes that we can only escape anxiety by exercising our freedom.
Existentially, the ideas of freedom and responsibility suggest
oour freedom requires us to accept reponsibility for directing our own life, we are free to chose who we will be, and you cannot have one without the other.
Existentially, we are the authors of out lives in the sens that we create our
destiny, life circumstances, and problems.
Who was the Danish philosopher that addressed the role of anxiety and uncertainty in life?
Soren Kierkegaard
Extenstientialists contend that the experience of relatedness to other human beings
is healthy if balanced with aloneness.
According to existentialists, our seardh for meaning involves all of the except
exploring unfinished business.
Who among the following talked about the individuals "will power" and the "herd morality?"
Friedrich Nietzsche
The central theme running through the works of Viktor Frankl is
the will to meaning
According to Yalom, the concerns that make up the core of existential psychodynamics are
death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessnes.
A statement that best illustrates "bad faith" is
Naturally I'm this way, because I grew up in an alcoholic family.
For Sartre, existential guilt is what we experience when
we allow others to define is or to make our choices for us.
Living authentically implies
both being true to our own evaluation of that constitutes a meaningful existence and accepting responsibility for the fact that we create our lives by the choices we make.
Existential therapy is unlike many other therapies in that
it does not have a well-defined set of techniques, it stresses the I/Thou encounter in the therapy process, it focuses on the use of the therapist's self as the core of therapy, and it allows for incorporation of techniques from many other approaches.
Which of the following is not considered a basic dimension of the human condition?
striving for acceptance of others.
Being alone is a process by which we
all but reject the social overtures of others are true
The goals of existential therapy include all bue
helping clients to eliminate anxiety in their lives.
When working with a client living a restricted existence, an existential therapist would likely
make the client aware of how their current ways of living are keeping them stuck.
In group work, existential therapists help clients to
both come to terms with the paradoxical nature of living and establish meaningful relationships with others.
From a multicultural perspective, some clients may reject this approach because
their life circumstances provide them with truly limited choices.
From a scientific perspective, esistential psychotherapy
none of the above.
The existential approach is particularly well-suited to clients who
are dealing with grief and loss.
Extential therapy groups are particularly helpful for clients working on
issues of responsibility.
Time-limited existential treatments
mirror the time-limited reality of human existence.
Rollo May has been instrumental in translating some concepts drawn from existential philosophy and applying them to psychotherapy
True
Existential therapy casn best be considered as a system of highly developed techniques to foster authenticity.
False
The outcomes of existential therapy have bee submitted to rigorous emperical testing.
False
Existential therapy grew out of a reaction to the limitations of both the psychoanalytic and deterministic stance.
True
Existential therapy is rooted in the premise that humans cannot escape from freedom and responsibility
True
In the existential approach, techniqies are primary, while subjective understanding of clients is secondary.
False
Existential therapist strive to be their authentic selves when working with clients.
True
According to existential thinking, effective therapy does not stop with awareness, for clients are challenged to take action based on their insights.
True
From the existential viewpoint, anxiety is seen as a neurotic manifestation; thus the aim of therapy is to eliminate anxiety so clients can live comfortably.
False
Existential anxiety is seen as a function of our acceptance of our aloneness.
True
The existential therapist sees mo basis for counseling and therapy without recognition of the freedom and responsibility each person possesses.
True
Existentials claim that the use of specific techniqies is the cornerstone of the approach.
False
According to the existential view, death makes life meaningless
False
A major criticism of the existential approach is that it lacks sustematic statements of the principles and practices of psuchotherapy.
True
The approach puts emphasis on the therapist as a person and the quality of the client/therapist relationship as one of the prime factors in determining the outcomes of therapy.
True
Martin Buber stressed the importance of presence, which allows for the creation of I/Thou relationships in therapy.
True
Exitential quilt is being aware of having evaded a commitment, or having chosen not to choose.
True
The existential view is based on a growth mode and conceptualizes health rather than sickness.
True
In the existential framework, inaction is a choice.
True
Existential therapy is especially appropriate for clients who are struggling with developmental crises.
True
Existentially, humans both long for and wish to escape from their freedom.
True
The existential approach can be used in a brief therapy context.
True
Existential therapy is rarely used for group treatment.
False
The existential vacuum represents a place of reflection and solace.
False
Currently, there is high international interest in the existential approach to psychotherapy.
True