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27 terms

Chapter 29 Terms

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Nationalism
the belief that people should be mainly loyal to their nation—that is, the people with whom they share a culture and history—rather than to a king or empire
Europe's Great Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, Britain, and Russia
The Balkans
a region in Southeast Europe that Russia and Austria-Hungary tried to dominate
Imperialism
a policy in which strong nations seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
Militarism
a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Otto Von Bismarck
freely used war to unify Germany; declared Germany to be a "satisfied power"
Triple Alliance
a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm II
ruler of Germany; forced Bismarck to resign; didn't wish to share power with anyone
Triple Entente
a military alliance between Britain, France, and Russia preceding WWI
"Powder Keg" of Europe
what the Balkans were known as because of the long history of natioknalist uprisings and ethnic clashes
Bosnia-Herzegovina
annexed by Austria; 2 Balkan areas with large Slavic populations
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, wife Sophie
paid a visit to Sarajevo, Bosnian capital; they were shot and killed as they rode through the streets in an open car
Gavril Princip, the Black Hand
assassinated Franz Ferdinand and Sophie; 19 years old; member of the Black Hand Society that was committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule
Ultimatum
time by which a certain task must be accomplished or else there will be consequences
Mobilization
organizing and moving troops in case of war
Central Powers
WWI; the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Allied Powers (Allies)
WWI; the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side; also, the group of nations—including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States—that opposed the Axis Powers in WWII
Sir Edward Grey
Britain's foreign minister, foresaw the horror ahead; said "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."
Stalemate
deadlock
Western Front
WWI; the region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other
Schlieffen Plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of WWI, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia
First Battle of the Marne ("Miracle of the Marne")
the single most important event of the war; the 1st major clash on the Western Front
Trench Warfare
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battle field
"No Man's Land"
the space between the opposing trenches
New Weapons of War
Poison Gas, machine gun, tank, and submarine
Eastern Front
the region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks
Black Hand
Secret Society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule