28 terms

EOC Review - The Progressive Era

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16th Amendment
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
17th Amendment
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote
24th Amendment
Abolishes poll taxes
American Citizenship Act of 1924
Gave Indians citizenship and right to vote
communism
A political system in which the government owns all property and sometimes dominates all aspects of life in a country.
eugenics
the study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding (especially as applied to human mating)
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
Set up the Federal Reserve System that established 12 district reserve banks and the creation of Federal Reserve notes to protect the U.S economy from future panic like the Panic of 1893.
fiat money
money of no value in itself and not convertible into gold, silver, or anything else of value; declared money by government decree
gold standard
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold
Ida B. Wells
activist for anti-lynching laws and co-founder of the NAACP with W.E.B. Dubois.
initiative
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
monetary policy
A form of government regulation in which the nation's money supply and interest rates are controlled.
muckrakers
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
National Park System
This system was established by Theodore Roosevelt to preserve the natural scenery and wildlife for the American people.
nativism
feelings of hostility for immigrants. It favored people or products that were American.
Populist Party
U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies
Progressive Era
1890 - 1920, Progressives tended to be women, middle class, and live in urban areas. Progressives sought to use government influence to solve societal problems.
Progressive party (Bull Moose)
Also known as the "Bull Moose Party", this political party was formed by Theodore Roosevelt in an attempt to advance progressive ideas and unseat President William Howard Taft in the election of 1912.
prohibition
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages (18th Amendment)
recall
Procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
referendum
A state-level method of direct legislation that gives voters a chance to approve or disapprove proposed legislation or a proposed constitutional amendment.
Social Darwinism
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
third parties
electoral contenders other than the two major parties. They rarely win elections but take away key votes from the main political parties.
Upton Sinclair
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago.
W.E.B. DuBois
Encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1909
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