26 terms

EOC Review - Rise of a World Power

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Alfred Thayer Mahan
Navy officer whose ideas on naval warfare and the importance of sea-power changed how America viewed its navy; wrote "The influence of Sea Power upon History" - pro-Imperialism
Alvin York
WWI soldier- killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom
American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI
Battle of Argonne Forest
The largest battle in U.S. history involving over 1 million soldiers, they would be successful in breaking through the German defenses. The U.S. soldiers were led in battle by John J. Pershing.
General John J. Pershing
General of the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. American soldiers fighting in Europe.
German u-boats
German submarines that were used by Germany to destroy allied shipping...brought US into war.
Henry Cabot Lodge
A Republican who disagreed with the Treaty of Versailles. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League of Nations.
imperial power
a country that has it's own colonies (Imperialism)
isolationism
A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Latin America
The part of the American continents south of the United States in which Spanish, Portuguese, or French is officially spoken.
liberty bonds
a Government issued bond that sold during WWI that raised money for the Allied war effort.
neutrality
A refusal to take part in a war between other nations
Sanford B. Dole
Became the 1st governor of Hawaii when it became a territory in 1898
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
Spanish-American War
conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States. Fought mainly for the issue of Cuban independence from Spain.
stalemate
A situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
territorial acquisitions
As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain relinquished control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. By establishing a protectorate over Cuba, the United States began implementing an imperialist foreign policy.
Treaty of Paris
(1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Provided that Cuba be free from Spain.
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to repair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
trench warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
U.S. expansionism
The U.S. wanting to build an empire and prove themselves especially during the Spanish American war; took control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guam, and the Philippines
USS Maine
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Western front
in WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
Western hemisphere
North and South America
Fourteen Points
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
Zimmermann telegram
A secret German message to Mexico supporting the Mexican Government in regaining Arizona and Texas if the Mexicans declared war on the United States, a factor propelling the United States into World War I in April 1917
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