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Science State Testing Review
Terms in this set (100)
Occurs when an object takes in light waves.
A physical feature or behavior that helps an organism survive in its environment.
Cold-blooded vertebrates that have smooth, moist skin and hatch from eggs.
The height of a wave measured from its midline.
An animal that has a hard covering outside its body.
The pushing force of the atmosphere.
The amount of light that the eye receives from a source.
The qualities an organism has.
A hard case in which the young of some insects develops into an adult.
The average of weather conditions over a long time.
The process of a gas changing into a liquid.
A shape that is like a circle stretched out into opposite directions.
The change from a liquid into a gas.
A plant with seeds that grow flowers.
Number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time.
To start growing from a seed as the seed absorbs water and swells.
Frozen precipitation that forms in layers.
Tropical storm that has winds that reach a speed of 119 kilometers an hour.
To receive characteristics from an organism's parents.
A behavior that is inherited.
Animals without backbones.
The various stages an organism passes through as it grows, matures, and finally dies.
A change in the form of an organism.
Scientist who studies and predicts weather.
The movement of an animal from one region to another in response to a change in the seasons.
Invertebrates with soft bodies that may have eyes and hard shells.
To shed an outer covering.
A stage in the life cycle of some insects when the young hatches from an egg and looks much like an adult, but smaller.
Describes materials that do not let any light pass through them.
Path an object follows as it revolves around another object.
The shape of the moon formed by the lighted part of the half that faces Earth.
How high or low a sound is.
A large, ball-shaped body that revolves, or travels around, the sun.
Any form of water that falls to Earth.
Occurs when light rays bounce off a surface.
The bending of light when it passes into a new medium.
Movement of one object around another.
Spinning of a planet, moon, or star around its axis.
The sun, the eight planets and their moons, and other objects that revolve around the sun.
Energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter.
A small cell that grows into a new plant.
A giant ball of hot, glowing gases that release energy.
Something that causes a reaction in a living thing.
The arrangement of parts.
Heavy rainstorm with thunder and lightning.
Rotating column of air that extends from clouds in a thunderstorm to the ground.
A characteristic passed on to a living thing from its parents.
Describes materials that let some light pass through, but not all.
Describes materials that let nearly all light pass through them.
Animals that have backbones.
A measure of how strong a sound seems to us.
The movement of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back again.
Water in the form of an invisible gas.
Distance between a point on one wave and a similar point on the next wave.
The state of the atmosphere.
Air movement caused by differences in air pressure.
The bubble of gasses that surrounds and protects our planet.
The last stage in the water cycle where water runs off from land back into bodies of water such as oceans.
Measures wind speed.
Measures direction of wind.
Measures amount of precipitation over a period of time.
A moving mass of warm air.
A moving mass of cold air.
A map showing the state of weather over large areas.
A body put into space to orbit a planet and collect information.
A tool used to measure how far something is away. For example, how far a storm is away.
The star at the center of our solar system.
3rd planet from the sun and our home planet.
Natural satellite that orbits the Earth.
An imaginary line on which something rotates.
Each of the four divisions of a year. Each have specific weather and daylight patterns.
The ability to make something happen, move, or change.
Something that can be seen.
How fast or slow and object moves back and forth - creates sound.
How wide or thin an object is. Affects the pitch of sound.
How short or long an object is. Affects the pitch of sound.
How tight or lose an object is. Affects the pitch of sound.
First step in the plant life cycle.
Second step in the plant life cycle where the plant begins to grow after germination.
The final step in the plant life cycle where plants are capable of reproducing.
Things that can be observed by looking at a plant or animal. For example, shape, color, size, etc.
Things that can be observed by evaluation how a plant or animal acts. For example, social, timid, aggressive, etc.
5 different observations that can be made with the human body. Sight, Hearing, Smell, Taste, Touch.
Part of the plant that takes in water and nutrients from the habitat.
Moves and stores water and nutrients in the plant.
Leaves produce food for plants by absorbing light through photosynthesis.
Formed around seeds to protect the seed.
Physical adaptations that help to protect plants and animals.
The ability of animals to moved around to find the resources they need such as food, shelter, or space.
A color or pattern that allows animals to blend into its environment and protect it from being seen by its enemies.
Dependent Variable (Manipulated Variable)
The variable in an experiment or observation that you change in order to collect data.
Controlled Variable (Responding Variable)
The variable in an experiment or observation that is not changed.
Something that can be seen or recorded using just your senses.
Applying observations and evaluating what is happening.
Using observations to make an educated hypothesis of what will happen in the future.
A process of observing and conducting experiments to answer a question.
A process of evaluating a problem and creating a solution to that problem.
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