15 terms

US History Honors: Unit 2

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Pushing System
Slave conditions: When picking cotton, masters constantly raised the expectation of how much cotton they had to pick (ex. half a pound more) if they did not, they were punished.
Cult of Domesticity
A value system amongst upper and middle class women which emphasized women's role. A "true woman" had to possess 4 cardinal virtues: piety, purity, domesticity, and submissiveness.
Manifest Destiny
19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable: fueled westward expansion into native and Mexican land.
Mexican-American War
Conflict between US and Mex. (1846-48) Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was introduced when Mexico surrendered Texas, New Mexico and California territory to US.
Westward Expansion
In 1803 the Louisiana Purchase took place, doubling the size of the country. Mexican land was also acquired after the war. By 1840 almost 7 million Americans had migrated westward in hopes of securing land and being prosperous.
Secession
The withdrawal of 11 southern states from the Union (United States) in 1860-61. The seceding states formed a government called the Confederacy.
Emancipation Proclamation
The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." Main thing that ended the civil war.
13th Amendment
Declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed in 1865.
14th Amendment
Granted citizenship to former slaves by stating "All persons born or naturalized in the United States,"Also stated that former slaves would be protected- "nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
15th Amendment
Passed in 1869, granted African American men the right to vote.
Interracial Democracy
Political and social changes that occurred in the South as a result of radical Reconstruction specifically on black suffrage. Voted in more African Americans into politics.
Black Codes
Laws passed by Southern states in 1865 an, after the Civil War as an intent to restrict African Americans' freedom, and compel them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
Sharecropping
Form of employment for African Americans in which landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
Compromise of 1877
Intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.
Dunning School of Thought
The way history was taught from 1900-1930's, favored conservative elements in the south (the Redeemers, plantation owners and former Confederates) and disparaged Radical Republicans who favored civil rights for former slaves (a coalition of blacks, Radical Republicans, Carpetbaggers and Scalawags).