An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
Creation of powerful relationship of mutual benefit & support among congressional committee, government agency and regulated interest group(s).
all the people who might be interest group members because they share some common interest
That part of the potential group consisting of members who actually join.
something of value that cannot be withheld from a potential group member
The problem faced by unions and other groups when people do not join because they can benefit from the group's activities without officially joining. The bigger the group, the more serious the problem.
goods that a group can restrict to those who actually join
Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics. These features distinguish them from traditional interest groups.
A strategy by which organized interests seek to influence the passage of legislation by exerting direct pressure on members of the legislature.
direct group involvement in the electoral process
political action commitees
Groups that raise money from individuals and then distribute it in the form of contributions to candidates that the group supports
a provision found in some collective bargaining agreements requiring all employees of a business to join the union within a short period of time
A U.S state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment
public interest lobbies
organizations that seek a collective good which does not only benefit their membership
politics in which the behavior of the citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped technology
Television, radio, newspaper, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication
Meetings of public officials with reporters
the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, at times putting reporters in adversarial relatiionships with political leaders
newspapers and magazines, as compared with electronic media
television, radio, and the Internet, as compared with print media
media programing on cable TV or the Internet that is focused on a particular interest and aimed and a particular audience
the process through which people consciously choose to get the new from information sources that have viewpoints comparable with their own
groups of newspapers published by media conglomerates and today accounting for over four-fifths of the nation's daily newspaper circulation
specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as Congress or the White House.
international new leaks for the purpose of assessing the political reaction
short video clips of approximately 10 seconds.
a shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actively involved in politics at the time
People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. They could be in or out of government.
a team of people seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election
the channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda.
this explains the actions of voters as well as politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their own interest.
the voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats stand for, such as conservatism and liberalism.
a citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other
voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices
a type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and govern
One of the key inducements used by party machines. It is usually given for political reasons rather than on competence.
elections to select party nominees in which only people who have registered for that party can participate
elections to select party nominees in which voters can participate even though they are not registered as that particular party
the meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential candidate and write the party platform
one of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions.
the person responsible for the day-to-day activities of the party
a group of individuals with a common interest on which every political party depends
an election where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often replace with the minority party.
the displacement of the majority party by the minority party usually during a critical election period
New Deal coalition
a coalition forged by the Democrats, who dominated American politics from the 1930's to the 1960's.
the gradual disengagement of people from the parties, as seen in part by the shrinking party identification
Electoral contenders other than the two major parties.
an electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only to the candidates who come in first. (single member district)
an electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won.
when two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature
responsible party model
A view about how parties should work, held by some political scientists. They should offer clear choices to the voters and once in office, should carry out campaign promises.
Blue Dog Democrats
Fiscally conservative Democrats who are mostly from the South/ or rural parts of the U.S.