4th Grade Reading
Terms in this set (40)
Events in a story occur in a certain order. It can be important to understanding a story.
Reading a passage and then retelling it in your own words and including the important details
A group or collection of books with a similar theme or style
Tells the story of imaginary people who seem real. Story events are true to life and often funny.
Pattern of cause and effect events in a story. It includes (1) a problem or conflict (2) rising action, as the conflict builds, (3) climax, when the problem or conflict is faced, and (4) resolution, when the problem or conflict is solved
An author uses this method in writing to help you become acquainted with a character in a story. Characters are people or animals in a story.
Words authors use in a story or poem that help the reader experience the way things look, sound, smell, taste, or feel.
An interruption in the action of a story or play to show a scene that happened at an earlier time often used to give background information about the characters or the plot.
A humorous story that tells about exaggerated or impossible events
An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. (I have told you a million times to pick up your room.)
Type of Genre: Combination of imagination and fact, with fictional characters and plot placed in a real historical setting from the past
Underlying meaning of a story, it is often not stated, but you can figure it out from events or other evidence in the story
A figure of speech that involves an implied comparison between two basically unlike things, usually using the words like or as.
A figure of speech that compares two basically unlike things without using like or as.
The time and place in which a story unfolds. A story may contain a single one of these, or it may change from scene to scene.
Also known as the Resolution, this is the point in the drama which the entire play or literary work has been leading. It is the logical outcome of everything that has come before it.
The story of part of or all of a person's life written by that person.
Any account of a real person's life written by someone other than that person.
A story, novel or play about imagined people and events. Its purpose is to entertain.
Literature about real people and events rather than imaginary ones. This can be history, biography, essay, or article.
An expression that does not mean what it literally says. For example: to have the upper hand has nothing to do with hands
Explains the nature of a person, a thing, or an idea. It is informational text that tells a real-life story
An author uses this when he/she gives the reader hints about he events that will be occurring later in the work.
Brief stories that teach a lesson or moral usually using animals or inanimate objects.
A made-up story based in some way on science and that often tells about life in the future.
A very old story handed down among a people that often tries to explain something in nature.
Exists when a character struggles with an outside force, such as another character or a force of nature
Exists when a character is caught up in a psychological struggle. Usually, the character must make a difficult decision of some kind
A voice in a the story that tells what is happening. May be a character in the story or may not be
A very old story handed down among people that often tells about he great deeds of a hero or heroine and that may once have been based on fact but has changed so much through the years that it is no longer true.
Modern Realistic Fiction
A made-up story based on things that could actually happen in today's world.
The imitation of natural sounds in word form. These words help us form mental pictures about things, people, or places that are described. Sometimes the word names a thing or action by copying the sound.
A word or phrase that has became overly familiar or commonplace. No pain, no gain.
The atmosphere or feeling created by a literary work, partly by a description of the objects or by the style of descriptions. Some works may contain horror, mystery, or childlike simplicity, depending on the author's treatment of the work.
The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, as in "on scrolls of silver snowy sentences"
The conversation between one or more people in a literary work.
Figure of speech in which animals, ideas, and things are represented as having human qualities
Language expanded beyond its ordinary literal meaning. It uses comparisons to achieve new effects, to provide fresh insights, or to express a relationship between things essentially unlike
Type of fiction that contains elements such as characters or setting that could not exist, it includes characters such as dragons. The setting might be magical or other-world.
Stories that have been passed down to us over the years by real people. These stories can be called fables, tall tales, myths, or fairy tales.