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U.S I: Test #4: Chapter 10
Terms in this set (15)
what did thomas jefferson mean when he called his election to the presidency the "revolution of 1800"?
he was referring to his repudiation of federalist practices and his cutbacks in military spending and taxes
in what branch of govt. were employees beyond the control of president jefferson?
all judicial and military appointments made by john adams
what was the lasting significance of the surpreme court case marbury v. madison?
they found that the grounds of maybury suit, resting in the judiciary act of 1789, were in conflict with the constituion. the surpreme court's action to disallow a law n the grounds that it was unconstitutional
why was the united states concerned when spain returned control of louisiana to france?
spain had proved a weak neighbor and americans needed more land. france was then under ruled of powerful expansionist
what was the result of robert livingston's negotiations with france for the purchase of the city new orleans?
france made an agreement with spain that they would not sell the louisiana territory to anyone without spains approval. when france sold it to the U.S, spain protested that it was an illegal sale. the purchase made the u.s double in size (lousisiana purchase)
what was the govt's response to the sinking of the ship chesapeake in 1807?
congress passed the embargo act of 1807, prohibiting U.S ships from traveling to all foregin ports, a measure that brought a swift halt to all overseas trade ccarried in american vessels. they banned all importation of british goods into the country
from what part of the united states did the "war hawk" congressmen come?
they came from west and south (south carolina)
why did the congressmen from new england and some middle atlantic states oppsoe declaring war on the britian in 1812?
justify attacks on the indians and to bring an end to impressment. feared the war would hurt commerece
how did state legislatures react to the opportuniity to rewirte laws if domestic relations during the early years of the united states?
they generally passed up the opportunity. legislature did little
why were slave marriages not governed by the same unequal power relationship characteristic of white marriage?
as property themselves, under the jurisdictino of slave owners they could not freely consent to any contractual obligation, including marrigaes
for what career did females seminaries (academies) prepare women?
to become teachers
what political alliances were made in the house of rep. to ensure passage of the missouri compromise of 1820?
main became itsown state. the southern boundary of missouri extended west would become the permanent line dividing slave from states. 17 northern congressmen decided that minimalizing sectional conflict was the best course and voted with the south
how did lack of multiple parties complicate the presidential election of 1824?
because the house of rep. decided the 1824 election which was not in the hands of voteers. HOR stepped in for the second tim ein U.S history only the tp three candiddates joined the runoff, supporters characterized the elction as corrupt bargin
what was henry clays american system?
a package of protective tariffs to encourage manufacturing and federal expenditures for internal imporvments.
in what area did president john quincy adams consider himself to be continuing the work of previous president jefferson and madison?
using federal power inappropriately to advance commercial interest.using the powers of govt. to advance knowledge.
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