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APUSH Chapter 32
Terms in this set (50)
The members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries united to boycott oil shipments to the West in response to U.S.
aid to Israel in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
When President Nixon was forced to resign because of the Watergate Scandal, he was succeeded by
When the South Vietnamese army and government collapsed in 1975, Congress
refused to send more arms to South Vietnam.
When Gerald Ford decided to seek the Republican presidential nomination in 1976, he faced stiff opposition from
A major factor in Carter's election as president in 1976 was
the refusal of Reagan supporters to aid Ford.
As president, Jimmy Carter was noted for
trying to set a tone of Democratic simplicity and mora fervor in his administration.
Many of Carter's political problems were caused by his
lack of follow-through with Congress.
President___________complained that Americans were suffering from a sense of national malaise because they were so focused on materialism that they were experiencing "a moral and spiritual crisis".
The most disturbing economic problem to vex the nation during the Carter years was
a combination of stagnation and inflation.
President Carter claimed that his most important concern in foreign affairs was to
defend basic human rights
President Carter withdrew the strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II) from the Senate and boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics after the Soviets invaded
President Carter's most striking diplomatic achievement was helping to negotiate the ____________between Israel and Egypt.
Camp David Accords
Under the terms of the Camp David Accords,
Israel promised to withdraw from the territory it captured from Egypt in the 1967 Israeli-Egypt war in exchange for Egypt's recognition of Israel as a nation.
From November 1979 to January 1981, American embassy personnel were held hostage as a result of the dramatic revolution in
The 1979 Iranian Revolution was led by
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
During the early stages of the Iranian hostage crisis,
there was a remarkable emotional response and sense of unity in America.
The 1980 Republican nominee, Ronald Reagan was
a New Deal Democrat before World War II.
As a result of the election 1980, the republicans
won control of the Senate and cut deeply into the Democratic majority in the House.
During his last weeks in office, Carter devoted himself to
ending the Iranian hostage crisis.
Among Reagan's highest priorities as president was
decreasing defense spending.
Reagan's tax policy ("Reaganomics") argued that
reduced taxes would increase investments and in turn stimulate production, jobs, and prosperity.
Reagan actively sought to overthrow the left-wing governments in
Nicaragua and Grenada.
Americans marines became part of an international peacekeeping force in 1982 as a result of the Palestine Liberation Organization attacks on Israel from
In 1984, Democrat presidential nominee Walter Mondale chose__________as his running nominee mate because she was expected to appeal to conservative Democrats and Republican Women.
The organizer of the Moral Majority to combat homosexuality, communism , and abortion was
President Reagan's Strategic Defensive Initiative, or Star Wars, was a plan for
a computer-controlled system to destroy enemy missiles in outer space.
In 1986, NASA programs suffered a setback as a result of the
explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.
The Income Tax Act of 1986, supported by the Reagan administration,
lowered tax rates significantly for corporations and the wealthy.
In 1981, President Reagan appointed the first woman to the Supreme Court,
Sandra Day O'Connor.
One major trend during the Reagan years which produced massive social and economic changes was the
frenzied merger movement fueled by "junk bonds".
A major consequence of Reagan's presidency was a
startling escalation of annual federal deficits and of the national debt.
The economic trends of the 1980's and the policies of the Reagan administration
disproportionately benefited wealthy Americans.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen
made their breakthrough when IBM asked them to write the operating system for its new state-of-the-art personal computer.
The National Security Council aide who arranged the secret sale of weapons to Iran and the transfer of the profits from that sale to the Nicaraguan Contras was
The U.S. public did not hold President Reagan personally responsible for the financial scandals of his administration or the Iran-Contra Arms deal because he was
not an able or involved administrator
In evaluating the achievements of Reagan's presidency, he
encouraged a Darwinian chaos through deregulation which strengthened those corporations that survived.
In 1988, Massachusetts Governor_________was nominated by the Democrats for president based on his record as an efficient manager.
In the 1988 presidential campaign, George H. W. Bush exploited
white American's racial fears of violent crimes
As president, George H. W. Bush focused his crime-fighting initiative on the issue of
the flow of illegal drugs across American borders
After his election in 1988, President Bush
tried to shed the tough image he created during the campaign
The main reason for the collapse of Soviet-style communism in Eastern Europe in 1989 and 1990 was
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's refusal to use force to keep old-line communist government in power in Eastern Europe.
The dismantling of communist governments in the Soviet Union's European satellites was generally peaceful, except in_______________, where the dictator was executed.
To which central American nation did President Bush dispatch American troops after General Manuel Noriega refused to relinquish power after his figurehead candidate lost a national election?
In August 1991, hard-line communists launched an unsuccessful coup against Soviet President
In August 1990, Iraq's President___________launched a massive attack on Kuwait, precipitating a major war in the Persian Gulf.
At the end of the Persian Gulf War,
an overwhelming majority of the American public approved of President Bush's handling of the war and his performance as president.
After the war in the Persian Gulf, President George H. W. Bush was criticized because he
did not capture Baghdad and crush the Iraqi army
Whose pledge to not raise taxes came back to haunt him after he was elected?
George H. W. Bush
During the Presidency of George H. W. Bush, which of the following events did NOT play a role in the ballooning federal deficit?
the refusal to reduce spending on popular entitlement programs.
President George H. W. Bush was faced with the need for enormous sums of money to bail out the ailing __________industry.
savings and loan.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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