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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
AP Exam Booklet: important highlighted stuff
Terms in this set (11)
What was the period before Christopher Columbus called?
Where do we believe Native Americans came from?
How did Native Americans get to the US
They walked across the land bridge from Siberia (modern Russia) to Alaska.
What was the most populated city in 1500?
What were the Aztecs and the Maya recognized for?
Their advances in astronomy, architecture, and art
When did Columbus arrive in the New World?
1492 (and was not the first)
Columbus's arrival marked the beginning of what?
The Contact Period
What was the Columbian exchange?
Europe and America exchanging plants, animals, food, communicable diseases, and ideas
What happened under Spain's encomienda system?
Spain granted colonist authority over a specified number of natives, they had to protect those natives and turn them into Catholics, so in exchange they would be entitled to those natives labor for enterprises like sugar harvesting and silver mining
What was the order of the racial caste system of the colonization of North America by Spanish and Portuguese?
Europeans at the top, mestizos (European and native blood mix), zambos (African and Native American mix), & pureblood Africans at the bottom
Who defeated the Spanish Armada, which then gave them power over the colonized area of North America
The English navy defeated, which made it easier for French and English to colonize North America
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