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Church History Chapter 7
Terms in this set (18)
faith in scientific process, that science and nature could correct the ills of society such as war, poverty, and disease
given the subjective nature of each person, is it possible to achieve knowledge with absolute certainty?? only one's own existence is sure. "I think, therefore I am"
polish priest/astronomer that taught that the sun was the center of the universe, not the earth (went against church teaching and caused a great stir in science and religion)
used scientific experimentation to reach verifiable conclusions, proved copernican theory right but asked to keep his findings quiet until he proves his hypothesis by the church, who he promptly ignored and did whatever he wanted
a fraternal order that believed in God as a "clockmaker" that put the universe in motion and walked away. Here, God is the "Grand architect." This undermined the catholic church
argued for national religion/morality, said that christianity was a human construct and was intended simply to keep the masses quiet BUT attended mass?? hypocrite much??
blamed society for man's ills and said that society created rules to subjugate individual freedom - says that political freedom comes from the PEOPLE, not from GOD
What led to the French Revolution?
What happened to the church during the french revolution?
an assembly met and passed laws to confiscate all church lands/disband convents and monasteries, and distribute that land to the people -essentially, church is at the mercy of the french revolution.
The Civil Constitution controlled the __________.
number of bishops
Who chose the bishops during the french revolution and what did this make priests?
all citizens, they became civil servants
What began the Reign of Terror?
the death of Louis XVI
What was the main goal of the Reign of Terror?
tried to "de-christianize" France
What did Notre Dame become during the Reign of Terror?
the temple of the "Goddess of Reason"
What happened regarding the calender during the Reign of Terror?
it became a 10 day week with no sabbath, sunday, feast, or saints - only annual celebrations of reason and liberty
Who were hunted down during the Reign of Terror?
priests for bounties
If one did not forsake christianity during the Reign of Terror, what happened to them?
they were executed
born during the reign of Terror, founded the Little Sisters of the Poor who cared for the sick/poor/elderly
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