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42 terms

Pharmacology

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water loss that is difficult to detect and measure is called:
negative water balance
loop diuretic agent.
furosemide(lasix)
Urinary agents commonly cause the urine to turn red, which should be explained to the patient before starting treatment with the drug?
Phenazopyridine(pyridium)
Laboratory test should be regularly with patients on diuretic therapy.
electrolytes
Oxybutynin(Ditropan) is given for the treatment of.
Enuresis
Drug the is given for the treatment of benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH)
Dutasteride(Avodart)
To manage gastrointestina symptoms during treatment with nitrofurantoin (macrodantin), which is be recommended for the patient to take with each dose of the medication?
food or milk
examination of a woman who has collapsed reveals a medical alert bracelet that warns of a peanut allergy. The next step should be to look for:
An Epipen
What dietary caution is advise for the patient beginning treatment with propranolol?
Restrict dietary salt
The patient beginning treatment of glaucoma with pilocarpine should be instructed to expect which of the following side effects?
Increased saliva and nasal secretions
Pancuronium (Pavulon) or succinylcholine (Anectine) might be prescribed for use in the following procedures?
Endotracheal intubation
Sympathomimetic agents mimic the effects of stimulation of which of the following?
Sympathetic nervous system
Adrenergic blocking agents have what effects on the body?
Stimulate the sympathetic nervous system
True statements regard to fecal softeners.
They reduce moisture in the feces and relieve diarrhea. They are not irritating to the gastric mucosa.
Raloxifene hydrochloride(Evista)
It has a lower incidence of breast cancer as a side effect than other similar medication. It should be used with caution in postmenopausal women. it is taken by mouth daily.
Diuretic medications.
Furosemide(lasix)
An antineoplastic drug, cyclophosphamide(Cytoxan) is also used to treat?
Multiple sclerosis, lupus erythematosus,rheumatoid arthritis.
Under what conditions might immunizations be withheld for an interval?
the patient or a family member is immunocompromised.
Which antibody preparation is used to descensitize Rh-negative mothers afterndelivery of an Rh-positive infant?
Rh(D) immune human globulin
Multiple sclerosis(MS) patients often benefit from treatment with forms of interferon beta because of rationale?
Interferon beta inhibits the production of interferon gamma.
What actions do sympathomimetic drugs have on the body?
constrict blood vessels in the eyes and nose.
Passive immunity
injection of previously formed antibodies into the body
Tetanus toxoid booster should be given how often?
every 10 years
Live influenza virus vaccine(fluMist) differs from the vaccines for polio and hepatitis.
It is administered intranasally
The poliovirus vaccine (IPOL) can be administered by.
subcutaneous
Because of its inhibition of the factors that stimulate T-lymphocyte growth,cyclosporine is used to;
Prevent bone marrow transplant rejection
Hib vaccine provides immunity against which pathogen?
Haemophilus influenzae
Immunity provided by the mumps-measles-rubella(MMR) vaccine is less than optimal if administered before what age?
12 months
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) has what effect on the body?
Suppression of adrenal hormone secretion
Which of the following may accompany the use of hormone replacement therapy for women in menopause?
Urogenital dryness and osteoporosis
Teriparatide (Forteo), a medication used to treat osteoporosis, is derived from;
Recombinant DNA of human parathyroid hormone
Which of the following foods is recommended to a patient who is taking thiazide diuretics?
oranges, bananas, potatoes
Phena zopyridine (Pyridium) is prescribed for urinary tract infections to produce.
Analgesic effect
Oxybutynin(Ditropan) may be prescribed for which of the following postoperative complications?
Bladder spasm
Before having a surgical correction for prostatic hypertrophy, a patient might take a course of;
Finasteride(Proscar)
Because of the drugs action to suppress the body's inflammatory response, patients on long-term adrenocorticoid agents arenat risk for the unrecognized advance;
Tuberculosis or perforated ulcers
The goal of insulin pump therapy is to do which;
Deliver a continuous amount of insulin into the bloodstream to maintain a steady blood glucose level.
For oral hypoglycemic agents to be effective in managing diabetes?
release of residual insulin by the prancreas
The hormone that induces favorable conditions for the growth and development of the fetus is ;
progesterone
Regulating hormones that affect all the other endocrine glands in the body are secreted in;
Anterior lobe of the pituitary
Hypothyroidism tends to occur in geographic regions that are deficient in which of the following;
Iodine
Used to suppress the thyroid gland before surgery?
Methimazole and propylthiouracil