5th Grade Government Vocabulary and Types of Government
Terms in this set (...)
An organization of people set up to protect the community and enforce its rules.
A person who is recognized as a member of a state or a nation, and pledges loyalty to its government and is entitled to its protection.
A system where people give representatives authority to vote or act on their behalf.
A person who represents a community in a legislative body. Ex: a member of U.S. Congress or an MP in parliment
A form of government based on the decisions of the people: 1) and it is exercised directly by them (direct democracy) 2) or by their elected agents under a free electoral system (democratic republic)
The people elect their representatives to be members of Parliament, which chooses a Prime Minister. ex: England
The chief executive officer of a nation
The legislature made up of representatives elected by the people.
The same as a parliamentary democracy, but a king or queen is the head of state for ceremonial/traditional purposes. ex: Canada
A government where the people elect representatives and the president; there is more than one political party. ex: U.S. and Mexico
A form of government that has a ruler with complete power and authority.
A person with absolute, unrestricted control over a government and nation. ex: Fidel/Raul Castro (Cuba), Muammar Qaddafi (Libya)
A system of government controlled by a single political party. The government controls: -property ownership -businesses -education -social activity -making laws -appointing leaders ex: North Korea, Cuba, U.S.S.R. from 1950-1990
A government that is ruled by one political party that tries to control every aspect of public and private life. ex: China
A chaotic situation where there is no government.
A system by which a nation is ruled by a king or queen and the power is passed down through the ruling family. ex: Jordan
Everyone participates in making decisions and takes turns carrying them out. This form of government is no longer practiced today; current ideas of democracy originated from the direct democracy in Athens.
A document that defines the organized government of a nation. It guarantees rights to its citizens declares independence from other nations.
Executive Branch of Government
-The President *Sees that the laws of the U.S. are carried out. *Can veto a bill which prevents it from becoming a law.
Legislative Branch of Government
-Congress: The House of Representatives and The Senate *Makes the laws for the U.S. *Decides how to tax and what to use the money for. *Can declare war against another country.
Judicial Branch of Government
-Made up of our nation's court system *Interprets or explains the laws. *The Supreme Court is the highest court
Checks and Balances
A branch of government may use its powers to check the powers of the other two branches in order to maintain a balance of authority.