5th Grade Government Vocabulary and Types of Government
Terms in this set (22)
An organization of people set up to protect the community and enforce its rules.
A person who is recognized as a member of a state or a nation, and pledges loyalty to its government and is entitled to its protection.
A system where people give representatives authority to vote or act on their behalf.
A person who represents a community in a legislative body.
Ex: a member of U.S. Congress or an MP in parliment
A form of government based on the decisions of the people:
1) and it is exercised directly by them (direct democracy)
2) or by their elected agents under a free electoral system (democratic republic)
The people elect their representatives to be members of Parliament, which chooses a Prime Minister.
The chief executive officer of a nation
The legislature made up of representatives elected by the people.
The same as a parliamentary democracy, but a king or queen is the head of state for ceremonial/traditional purposes.
A government where the people elect representatives and the president; there is more than one political party.
ex: U.S. and Mexico
A form of government that has a ruler with complete power and authority.
A person with absolute, unrestricted control over a government and nation.
ex: Fidel/Raul Castro (Cuba), Muammar Qaddafi (Libya)
A system of government controlled by a single political party. The government controls:
ex: North Korea, Cuba, U.S.S.R. from 1950-1990
A government that is ruled by one political party that tries to control every aspect of public and private life.
A chaotic situation where there is no government.
A system by which a nation is ruled by a king or queen and the power is passed down through the ruling family.
Everyone participates in making decisions and takes turns carrying them out. This form of government is no longer practiced today; current ideas of democracy originated from the direct democracy in Athens.
A document that defines the organized government of a nation. It guarantees rights to its citizens declares independence from other nations.
Executive Branch of Government
*Sees that the laws of the U.S. are carried out.
*Can veto a bill which prevents it from becoming a law.
Legislative Branch of Government
-Congress: The House of Representatives and The Senate
*Makes the laws for the U.S.
*Decides how to tax and what to use the money for.
*Can declare war against another country.
Judicial Branch of Government
-Made up of our nation's court system
*Interprets or explains the laws.
*The Supreme Court is the highest court
Checks and Balances
A branch of government may use its powers to check the powers of the other two branches in order to maintain a balance of authority.