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CP Government- Chapter 18 Key Terms
Terms in this set (23)
a court of limited jurisdiction, and it must appear on the face of its proceedings that it has jurisdiction, or its proceedings.
the authority of a court to hear a case
Cases heard in a federal or a State
involve citizens of different States
(person who brings the suit) can file either in the proper State court or a federal court
(person against whom the complaint is made) can have the trial moved to the federal district court
The court where the case is first heard
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
Judges should decide cases on the basis of...
1) the original intent of the Framers or those who enacted the law(s) involved in the case
2) precedent- a judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of a similar nature
a judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of a similar nature
A much broader view of judicial power
Rely on their own judge.
One in which a defendant is tried for committing some action that Congress has declared by law to be a federal crime
Involves some noncriminal matter
• Usually lawsuits between private parties
- Postal laws
- Tax laws
- Laws dealing with public lands
- Laws dealing with civil rights
a court's list of cases to be heard
a thing constituting a piece of evidence about the past, especially an account of an act or occurrence kept in writing or some other permanent form.
Writ of Certiorari
- "To be made more certain"
- An order by the Court directing a lower court to
send up the record in a given case for its review
- Process used when a lower court is not clear about the procedure or the rule of law that should apply in a case
- The lower court asks the Supreme Court to certify the answer to a specific question in the matter
detailed written statements are provided by the parties represented before the oral arguments are presented
• "the opinion of the court" sets out the facts in a case, identifies the issues it presents, and details the reasons that made up the majority's decision
• Create precedents that are adhered to by the lower courts
- Written by one or more of the justices on the
- Usually to make some point not made or not emphasized in the majority opinion
- Written by those justices who do not agree with
the Court's majority decision
- Dissenting arguments do not become precedents
• Instead- they are expressions of opposition to the majority's views in a case
（Military courts） serve the special disciplinary needs of the armed forces
satisfaction of a claim payment.
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