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BIO 246 Exam 4
Terms in this set (50)
Which disease is caused by Haemophilus influenzae?
Which disease is caused by Bordatella pertussis, a bacterium that produces a tracheal cytotoxin?
Which gram-negative bacterium, linked to ingestion of contaminated poultry and eggs, causes gastroenteritis but also can cause septicemia because it is invasive?
Which disease is caused by an acellular pathogen?
Which disease is caused by a prokaryotic pathogen?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is taken up by lung macrophages but is not digested. What protects these bacteria in the macrophage so that they can survive and reproduce in the lungs?
Waxy cell wall with mycolic acids
Otitis media is an infection of the:
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an opportunistic infection caused by:
Streptococcal pharyngitis is caused by __________, therefore, it should first be diagnosed by testing a throat swab so that antibiotics will be prescribed appropriately.
All of the following diseases are zoonoses except:
Meningitis can be caused by an intracellular bacterium that can contaminate dairy products and processed meats. One potential preventative measure is a bacteriophage spray that eliminates which bacterial genus?
T lymphocytes that express the MHC II co-receptor CD4 are the target of infection by:
A newborn infected by a Staphylococcus aureus strain that expresses exfoliative toxins develops:
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Antibiotic usage that reduces protective normal flora of the digestive tract can result in pseudomemebranous colitis, a superinfection caused by:
Which disease is transmitted by mosquitoes?
Vaccines are available to prevent all of the following diseases except:
Which type of hepatitis is transmitted by the fecal-oral route?
Hepatitis A only
Which symptom is associated with tertiary syphilis?
All the following in are associated with tetanus except:
Tyndallization of canned good is important for the prevention of botulism because Clostridium botulinum:
Which is the leading cause of infectious blindness worldwide?
Which of the following is a common nosocomial infection?
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
In the 1980s, Australian scientists Warren and Marshall discovered that Helicobacter pylori, a gram-negative, curved bacillus was the major cause of:
Which differential symptom is useful for diagnosing a case of meningococcal meningitis?
All of the following infections are vertically transmitted except:
Which tick-borne intracellular pathogen causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
Which cell type is the primary site of infection by HIV?
Which disease was declared eradicated from nature in 1980 due to a vaccination program that created widespread herd immunity in human populations?
Which virus is oncogenic, where infection can lead to the development of cancer?
Which of the following is a latent infection in which a virus reemerges from nerves?
Shingles and Herpes
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of smallpox?
Which degenerative brain disease is caused by infectious proteins called prions?
In high-risk patients, antibiotic prophylaxis is recommended to prevent:
Which differential symptom is useful for diagnosing scarlet fever?
Spotted "strawberry" tongue
Which of the following diseases is not associated with a skin rash?
Which arthropod vector is responsible for the transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi?
Which statement about influenza is false?
A single vaccination will protect against seasonal flu for up to 20 years
All of the following are sexually transmitted infections except:
Which of the following diseases is transmitted via the fecal-oral route?
Which disease is caused by a eukaryotic pathogen?
Which infection is not caused by Streptococcus pyogenes?
All of these infections are caused by S. pyogenes
All of the following are associated with Lyme disease except:
Which disease is transmitted from a bird reservoir and causes fever and brain swelling?
West Nile encephalitis
Which intracellular pathogen causes asymptomatic infection, typically in females, and is the most frequent bacterial STI in the U.S.?
Encapsulated bacteria are associated with:
What is a differential symptom of Lyme disease?
Which opportunistic infection is associated with AIDS patients and is their leading cause of death?
AZT was developed to treat HIV infection because it was a potent inhibitor of the viral enzyme called reverse transcriptase. HIV is a:
Which superficial bacterial skin infection produces pustules that erupt and form yellowish crusts?
Which paralytic disease can result from Campylobacter infection in 1 in 1000 cases?
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