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MATH CCSSM VOCABULARY - GRADE 6 - EXPRESSIONS & EQUATIONS
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Terms in this set (28)
algebraic expressions
a mathematical phrase. contains numbers, operations and variables.
base
The number that is going to be raised to a power.
coefficient
A number used to multiply a variable. Example: 6z means 6 times z, and "z" is a variable, so 6 is a ___________________
constant
A fixed value. In Algebra, _________________ is a number on its own, or sometimes a letter such as a, b or c to stand for a fixed number. Example: in "x + 5 = 9", 5 and 9 are ______________. If it is not a _________________it is called a variable.
continuous data
Data that can take any value (within a range) Example: People's heights could be any value (within the range of human heights), not just certain fixed heights.
dependent variable
The "output" value of a function. example: y = x2; y is the ______________________________.
discrete data
Data that can only take certain values. For example: the number of students in a class (you can't have half a student).
independent variables
An "input" value of a function. Example: y = x squared; x is an Independent Variable
equation
says that two things are equal. It will have an equals sign "=" like this:
7 + 2 = 10 − 1
equivalent expressions
equations that have the same solution.
evaluate
To calculate the value of.
exceed
To be greater than, as in number or degree; surpass:
exponents
this says how many times to use that number in a multiplication. It is written as a small number to the right and above the base number.
factors
numbers we can multiply together to get another number
greater than
Bigger. The symbol >
greater than or equal to
≥
inequalities
the relation between two expressions that are not equal; the symbol is ≠
less than
Smaller. The symbol <
less than or equal to
≤
like terms
Terms whose variables (and their exponents such as the 2 in x2) are the same. Example: 7x and 2x are ______________ because the variables are both "x"
numerical expressions
a mathematical phrase that contains numbers and operations.
product
The answer when two or more numbers are multiplied together.
profit
Income less all expenses. Example: Sam's Bakery received $900 yesterday, but expenses such as wages, food and electricity came to $650. So the______________ was $900 − $650 = $250.
quantity
How much there is of something.
quotient
The answer after you divide one number by another;
dividend ÷ divisor = _____________________________
sum
The result of adding two or more numbers; the answer to an addition problem.
term
In Algebra, a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together.
variable
A symbol for a number we don't know yet. It is usually a letter like x or y. Example: in x + 2 = 6, x is the_____________.
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