35 terms

EOC Review - World War II

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aggression of dictatorships
One of the reasons the US entered WWII; America's growing concern over the acts of the Axis powers - Germany, Italy and Japan
atomic weapons
These were developed during World War II as a result of the Manhattan Project. Two of these would be used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Bataan Death March
during World War II, the forced march of Filipino and American prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military
Chester A. Nimitz
U.S. Admiral and commander of the Pacific Fleet during World War II. His actions during the Battle of Midway proved a turning point in the war for America as it island hopped across the Pacific on its way to Japan.
concentration camps
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
conventional weapons
These would include the weapons of war such as machine guns, tanks, and airplanes. It would not include atomic weapons.
Douglas MacArthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
Dwight Eisenhower
He was the U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa in Nov. of 1942.He was the master organizer of the D-Day invasion in Europe (June 6, 1944). He ran for the Republican ticket in the 1952 and the 1956 elections and won. He was very well liked by the public.
Executive Order 9066
112,000 Japanese-Americans forced into camps causing loss of homes & businesses during World war II; demonstrated fear of Japanese invasion
Flying Tigers
American volunteers who before the U.S. joined WWII, volunteered in China as pilots to help the Chinese fight Japan
Fourteenth Amendment
A constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians.
George Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Harry Truman
33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war.
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945.
Holocaust
A mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during World War II.
home front
the civilian population (and their activities) of a country at war
internment camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by Executive Order 9066 of the President.
liberation
The term for the release of the holocaust victims in the concentration camps after Germany's surrender
Manhattan Project
Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Medal of Honor
the nation's highest military decoration
mobilization
the process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war
multiple fronts
the many "fronts" or places that the U.S. had to fight once joining the war - the European (or Western) front and the Pacific (Japan) front
Nagazaki
a civilian city in Japan, the second target for the atomic bomb
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not decipher
Normandy
Beach in France Allies Invaded,Code named Operation Overlord, it was the long awaited Allied invasion of France and the opening of the Second Front during World War II. The initial invasion began on June 6, 1944.
Office of War mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during WWII
Omar Bradley
American general who led the ground forces at D Day
Pacific Islands
Islands in the Pacific Ocean; Japan, the Philippines, Guam are examples
rationing
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
trade sanctions
an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
Tuskegee Airmen
all black unit of fighter pilots. trained in Tuskegee Alabama. won many awards for bravery and never lost a single pilot
U.S. Office of War Information
Propaganda agency created to promote Patriotism, Victory Gardens, recycling, conservation (material for war effort) purchase of war bonds, volunteerism, women at work, propaganda, etc.
Vernon Baker
African American; Died 2010; Congressional Medal of Honor, He was a US Army officer who received the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in WW II.
Victory Gardens
Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
war bonds
loans that the government promised to repay with interest
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