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Overtime, if protein intake does not meet the body's protein needs for building and repair of tissues
skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and the liver decrease in size, excessive body fluidbegins to accumulate in the extracellular spaces, and the immune system fails to function properly.
Which of the following amino acids is classified as a "conditionally essential" amino acid?
tyrosine-conditionally essential when a person has PKU
Foods containing all essential amino acis in the proportion needed by the body are designated
high quality protein foods
When over 10 amino acids are chemically bonded by peptide bonds, the resulting product is known as
When two or more plant proteins are combined to compensate for deficienccies in essential amino acid content in each protein, the proteins are called
Which of the following enzymes aids in digesting polypeptides into shorter peptides and amino acids?
Which of the following is a function of protein?
providing structural support to body cells, producing antibodies to fight infection, and contributing to acid-base balance.
Edema in the lower extremities may appear when there is a sever lack of dierary protein because__
Blood protein levels drop and fluid shifts into interstitial spaces
A diet that is deficient in carbohydrate will ultimately force the liver and, to a lesser extent, the kidneys to
produe glucose from amino acids (glucogenesis)
The biological value of a food protein is a measure of
the weight gained by a growing rat after eating the food protein for 10 days
An individual who is consuming adequate protein, but only half the adequate level of energy, will probably be in
negative nitrogen balance
To meet basic protein needs, an athlete needs to
eat foods from all five groups in the recommended amounts
When plant proteins are compares to animal proteins, they
are usually deficient in one or more essential amino acids
Which of the following is a sign of protein deficiency?
edema, mild to moderate weight loss, and poor resistance to infection
After major surgery, hospital patients may be at risk of PEM due to
poor prior health, low dietary intakes, and increased needs for recovery
An example of two incomplete protein foods eaten together to produce a complete protein meal are
red beans and rice
The process of fermentation involves all of the following except
simple sugars such as maltose, yeast, and carbon dioxide are involved
Which alcohol metabolic pathway is utilized with low to moderate consumption of alcohol?
When the enzyme system MEOS is induced, alcohol tolerance ___because the rate of alcohol metabolism____
The symptoms of acetaldehyde buildup during alcohol metabolism include
flushing, rapid heartbeat, and hyperventilation
Women absorb 30-35% more ethanol directly from the stomach than men because women
have lower amounts of alcohol deyhydrogenase in the cells lining the stomach
Binge drinking on college campuses is associated with
academic problems, auto accidents, and sexual abuse
Detrimental effects of excessive alcohol consumption include higher rates of
high blood pressure and stroke, cancers of the mouth and throat, and liver diseaseand liver failure
Liver cirrhosis is characterized by
decreased synthesis of proteins made in the liver, abnormal retention of fluid in the abdomen, and poor nutritional status
Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome is the ___ deficiency disease that results from sever alcohol abuse
Alcoholics often have trouble with night blindness. This results from
impaired absorption and transport of vitamin A
The problems of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependency
affects nearly 1 in 3 Americans over a lifetime
Medications used to treat alcohol dependence act on the
both the brain to reduce alcohol cravings and the liver to block complete metabolism of alcohol
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