Psychology (Herb Agan) - Test 3
Terms in this set (36)
What's the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
Intrinsic Motivation: The desire to behave in a certain way because it is enjoyable or
satisfying in and of itself.
Extrinsic Motivation: The desire to behave in a certain way in order to gain some external
reward or to avoid some undesirable consequence.
What motives are required to experience interactions with others?
What is the biological approach to motivation entail?
Drive-reduction theory. A need gives rise to an internal state of tension called a drive, and
the person or organism is motivated to reduce it.
What type psychologist applies his/her knowledge to the work place?
Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) psychologists
What is the basic laws of emotion? (not a law) (this is a ****ed up question)
Physical, cognitive, and behavioral (verbatim answer cannot be found in textbook)
What is the hallmark of self-actualization?
the pursuit of self-defined goals for personal fulfillment and growth.
What is motivation?
All the processes that initiate, direct, and sustain behavior.
What are the major topics that social psychology explore?
Process or making judgments about others, attraction, conformity, obedience,
compliance, group influence, attitudes, and the factors that motivate us to help harm
What are the 3 or 4 major factors of attraction?
Proximity, or physical or geographical closeness, favorable qualities
O'leary & smith, what factors play a role in martial and relational success?
Similarities in personality, physical traits, intellectual ability, education, religion,
ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and attitudes. And similarities in needs and
Buss, What is the most important in male and females choosing a mate?
a. Men Tend to look for physical attractiveness.
b. Women tend to prefer men who appear to have economic resources and
Asch, what describes his method on conformity?
Asch found that the tendency to go along with the majority opinion remained in full
force even when there was a unanimous majority of only three confederates. He also
discovered that if just one other person voices a dissenting opinion, the tendency to
conform is not as strong
What prompted Milgram research on obedience ?
Intrigued by questions about what drove the guards in Nazi death camps to obey their
superiors, social psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted an experiment.
What explains the by-stander effect?
A social factor that affects pro-social behavior: As the number of bystanders at
an emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help
decreases, and the help, if given, is likely to be delayed.
What does research show about- media violence and aggressive behavior?
Just assume that its bad
What makes behavior abnormal?
Behavior must be maladaptive and consistent with other criteria
Why do we have a DSMV?
We use the DSMV to determine whether proposed changes to DSMIV diagnoses were
What are the symptoms of a panic attack?
Sudden feeling of fear in which the heart pounds, the body shakes, and the person has
a choking sensation
What is the chief symptom of generalized anxiety disorder?
Trembling, palpitations, sweating, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, or frequent urination.
What fears are normal? And what fears are excessive?
Fears that are normal: public speaking, claustrophobia, and heights; fear that are
excessive: fear of injury, death, water, elevators
What are the symptoms of a major depressive disorder?
Overwhelming sadness, despair, hopelessness, and the loss of an ability to experience
What are the characteristics of schizophrenia?
Hallucinations, an imaginary sensation felt; delusions
Why is the ADD diagnosed when child start school?
When children enter school, their inattentive, impulsive, and high active behaviors
stand out. Consequently, the diagnosis is most often made during the early school
What is the focus of insight therapies?
self-understanding (own thoughts, emotions,
motives, behavior, and coping mechanisms)
What is the focus of psychodynamic therapies?
attempt to uncover repressed childhood
experiences that are thought to explain a client's current difficulties
What is the basic assumption of humanistic therapy?
Assume that people have the ability
and freedom to lead rational lives and make rational choices
What is the goal of gestalt therapy?
To help clients achieve a more integrated self and
more authentic and self-accepting; learn to assume personal responsibility for their
behavior rather than blaming society
How do self-help groups work?
not led by professional therapists; simply groups of people
who share a common problem and meet to give and receive support
What is CBT therapy?
Therapies that assume maladaptive behavior can result from
irrational thoughts, beliefs, and ideas
What is the relationship between length in therapy and improvement?
The longer patients
stayed in therapy, the more they improved (verbatim from the book)
Why are expressing feeling important for wholeness; List and define 4 maxims of emotions
4 things about feelings:
1. No one can cause emotions you can only stimulate what is THERE
2. Every emotional reaction is telling us something about ourselves
a. Are you listening?
b. Impression(DNA/gifts) - Expression = Depression: anxiety, fear, joy
3. We learn to hide or repress emotions (pos and neg)
a. We may doubt other would understand
b. We may fear our own vulnerability will be used against us
4. Repressed emotions don't die, the body is a barometer of our feelings
a. Awe are programed to repress feeling
b. We "moralized" feelings
c. Our values conflict with certain feelings
List and describe the family continuum of closeness and distance; list at least 4 traits of
each; what's psychomutuality; what's psychohostility?
a. Engaged: love and support, strong family history, centripetal energy, tend to be
too close and smothering, morals and guilt is used to control, religious & money,
1. False connectedness (THIS IS MY OWN DEFINITION, DO NOT COPY,
OR ELSE THEY WILL THINK YOU ARE CHEATING OR I AM
2. Fake friendliness
b. Disengaged: break up too soon, centrifugal, independence is encouraged, selfreliance
is encouraged, stand on own feet , too distanced/detached, alcohol
1. False unfriendliness (THIS IS MY OWN DEFINITION, DO NOT COPY,
OR ELSE THEY WILL THINK YOU ARE CHEATING OR I AM
2. Fake unfriendliness
3. Fake opposition
According to Timberman study, what defines a "healthy family"; list and define 4
categories of families.
Timberlain, Psychiatric Hospital
23 traits that healthy families seem to have
Healthy family do 2 things well:
Preserve the sanity and encourage the growth of a parent's personality
Produce children with high levels of self-esteem, individuality, and autonomy
1. Competent or healthy
a. parents keep growing, kids grow up, leave home and become self sustaining
2. Adequate families
a. One or both parents are stifled in their growth
b. Kids grow up and leave home
3. Faltering families
a. Parents stop growing
b. Kids struggle; some make it; some don't
4. Dysfunctional families
a. Stagnant/immature parents
b. Kids carry the parental craziness
Define and describe with examples: 4 types of suffering
Types of Suffering
1. Natural Suffering
a. Ongoing process of nature w/in and w/out
b. Cycle of "life/death/renewal"0
c. Accepting NS is a mark of maturity and individuation
d. i.e. cold morning and you still have to go to school
2. Developmental Suffering
a. Personality development, physical development, character development, require
b. Struggling and learning under guidance
c. Ego adapting to its environment
d. Our identity develops around our strengths and limits
e. When developmental suffering is denied or thwarted it becomes neurotic
f. Growing up, marriage is a verb
3. Neurotic Suffering
a. Neurosis: a failure to
i. learn to parent yourself
ii. work on your issues (wounds)
iii. embrace your dreams, questions
iv. find the love you need
v. attend to your inner gold
4. Transcendence Suffering
a. Pain leads to your purpose to a larger reality
b. Brings forth our true self
What is REBT(rational emotional behavioral therapy), how does it work?; list 3 of Ellis'
A directive form of psychotherapy, developed by Albert Ellis and designed to challenge
clients' irrational beliefs about themselves and others.
1. The idea that it is a dire necessity for adults to be loved by significant others
for almost everything they do
2. The idea that certain acts are awful or wicked, and that people who perform
such acts should be severely damned
3. The idea that it is horrible when things are not the way we like them to be
4. The idea that human misery is invariably externally caused and is forced on
us by outside people and events
5. The idea that if something is or may be dangerous or fearsome we should be
terribly upset and endlessly obsess about it.
What is CBT? List 3 of Beck's cognitive distortions with examples
Therapies that assume maladaptive behavior can result from irrational thoughts, beliefs, and ideas.
All-or-nothing thinking: "If I don't get into an Ivy League school, I might as well not go to college at all."
Discounting the positive: "I only passed the exam, because I got lucky."
Labeling: "She's too stuck up to go out with a loser like me."