22 terms

Weathering & Erosion

STUDY
PLAY
weathering
when rock is broken down into smaller pieces
sediment
pieces of rock broken down by weathering
2 types of weathering
mechanical and chemical
mechanical weathering
rocks are physically broken into smaller pieces, small pieces are the same type as large rock
ice wedging
water freezes and melts and freezes again in cracks of rock breaking it open
Grand Canyon
mechanical weathering by moving water
Great Lakes
mechanical weathering by glaciers
mechanical weathering
can be caused by water, wind, ice, growing plants, and animals
chemical weathering
rocks are broken down by chemical changes into a new type of rock or substance. Never again the same!
carbonic acid
carbon dioxide and water form a weak acid that dissolves rock
Carlsbad Cavern and Mammoth Cave
formed from chemical and mechanical weathering. Acid dissolved the rock.
plant roots
plant roots can give off acids that dissolve rocks
oxidation
oxygen and water combine to chemically change rocks. Can rust certain types of rocks
Cold Weather
can cause mechanical weathering of rocks
erosion
the movement of rocks or sediment, the escape
wind, water, gravity
can cause erosion
gravitational erosion
gravity causing rocks and mountain sides to sink or fall downhill
deposition
the dropping of sediment by wind, water, or ice
moraines
deposits made by glaciers
floodplain or deltas
formed by rivers dropping their sediment; deposition
ocean currents
move sand on and off the beach, can form barrier islands
longshore current
current moving parallel to shore and moves sand