A: This explanation might be a tad long... The race between Hayes and Tilden (PROSECUTER OF BOSS TWEED!) was extremely close. Neither candidate had 185 electoral votes which were required to win the presidency. There were 20 disputed votes in Florida, LA, South Carolina, and Oregon. The issue was resolved by the establishment of a bipartisan Electoral Commission that was composed of 7 democrats, 7 republicans, and ONE independent. HOWEVER, the independent member dropped out of the commission and was replaced by a Republican. Think...what did this mean for Tilden, the Democrat? Now that the majority was Republican, and that each member voted along their party lines, Hayes won the presidency by one vote in the commission. All disputed electoral votes went to him.