27 terms

EOC Review - Early Cold War through Vietnam

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26th Amendment
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 because it was unfair that those eligible for draft were not eligible to vote - "old enough to fight, old enough to vote"
anti-war movement
Members of the Anti-War Movement shared an opposition to war in Vietnam and condemned U.S. presence there. They claimed this was violating Vietnam's rights.
baby boom
An increase in population by almost 30 million people beginning in the 1950s, post WWII. This spurred a growth in suburbs and three to four children families.
beat generation
Group of artists and writers who rejected traditional artistic and social form
Berlin airlift
A military operation in the late 1940s that dropped food and other needed goods into West Berlin by air after the Soviet-led government of East Germany had cut off its supply routes.
conscription
A military draft
containment policy
A policy in which prevented the spread of communism.
credibility gap
A public distrust of statements made by the government
Cuban missile crisis
Brink-of-war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over the Soviet Union placed nuclear missiles in Cuba - this is the closest the US and Soviet Union came to nuclear war.
domino theory
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
draft
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
GI Bill
1944- known as the Servicemen's Readjustment Act - gave benifits to to WWII veterans including financial assistance for veterans wanting to go to college, buy a home, prefered treatment to veterans who wanted to apply for government jobs
Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945.
Interstate Highway System
A system of limited access roadways that connects all major cities in the US. The system was designed to give troops faster routes to get to destinations across the US in the event of an attack on the US. The system's main purpose now is travel by civilians.
John F. Kennedy
35th President of the United States 35th President of the United States; events during his administration include the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African American Civil Rights Movement and early events of the Vietnam War; assassinated in Dallas, TX in 1963
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
Korean War
(1950-3) A conflict between UN forces (primarily US and S Korea) against North Korea, and later China; Gen. Douglas MacArthur led UN forces and was later replaced by Gen. Ridgeway; Resulted in Korea remaining divided at the 38th parallel.
Marshall Plan
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952) that was devastated economically after WWII
media
the press, any news agency
naval blockade
Naval action to close down or restrict access to an area or country by sea - JFK used this in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Nikita Khrushchev
A Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also famous for denouncing Stalin and allowed criticism of Stalin within Russia.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
rock and roll
music that grew out of rhythm and blues and that became popular in the 1950s
silent majority
A phrase used to describe people, whatever their economic status, who uphold traditional values, especially against the counterculture of the 1960s
Soviet Union
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Tinker v. DesMoines
Tinker siblings wore armbands to school to protest the Vietnam War and were suspended after refusing to remove them. Result: Symbolic speech is protected under the first A. The armbands caused no disturbance.
Truman Doctrine
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
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