Modern World History Chapter 17 Vocab
Freshman Modern World History 5/1/12
Terms in this set (38)
an international peacekeeping organization founded in 1945 to provide security to the nations of the world.
During Cold War, the boundary that separated the communist nations of Eastern Europe from the Mostly democratic nations of Western Europe.
US foreign policy adopted by President Truman in the 1940's in which the US tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances.
announced by Pres. Truman in 1947, a US policy of giving economic and military aid to free nations threadtened by internal/external opponents.
A US program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after WW2. (12$ Billion)
The state of diplomatic hostility between the US and the Soviet Union in the decades following WW2
North Atlantic Treaty Organization- defensice military alliance formed in 1949 by ten western European nations, the US and Canada.
A military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven eastern Europen countries.
a policy of threatening to go to war in response to enemy aggression.
a line that crosses Korea at 38 degrees north latitude
(1880-1964), U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
a group of communist geurillas who fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam War.
the idea if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist rule.
President Nixon's stategy for enduring US involvment in the Vietnam War. Withdraw US and fill with Vietnamese Troops.
Group o communist rebels who seized power in Cambodia in 1975.
During Cold War- developing nations not allied with US or Soviet Union
non aligned nations
independent nations that remained neutral in the Cold War competition between US and Soviet Union
led the revolution of Cuba and took control of Cuba in 1959; resented past dictators; made Cuba communist (Lawyer)
the dictator of Nicaragua and a US ally. His government was overthrown by leftist revolutionaries (Sandinistas) in 1979.
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic.
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
the leader of the Soviet Union during the 1970's. Extremelly repressive.
John F. Kennedy
President during Bay of Pigs, and Cuban Missile Crisis. Strong image icon. Creator of Civil Rights Act.
the US president who privately wanted to stay out of Vietnam but sent soldiers because his goal was to stop the spread of communism
a policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the US during the presidency of Richard Nixon
he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam
the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks- a series of meeting in the 70's in which the leaders of the US and the Soviet Unionagreed to limit their nations stocks of nuclear weapons.
president, 1981-1989, who led a conservative movement against détente with the Soviet Union and the growth of the federal government; some people credit him with America's victory in the Cold War while others fault his insensitive social agenda and irresponsible fiscal policies. He was Anti-Communism US President who increased defense spending putting both economic and military pressure on the Soviets.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms, Introduced glasnost and perestroika
president of the Russian Republic in 1991--the first post-Cold War leader; he came to power by helping Mikhail Gorbachev when hard-line Communists attempted to overthrow him--but soon forced Gorbachev to resign & declared an end to the USSR
elected president of Russia in 2000, launched reforms aimed at boosting growth and budget revenues and keeping Russia on a strong economic track; succesor of Yeltsin
President who stressed human rights. Because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, he enacted an embargo on grain shipments to USSR and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
after the Vietnam War, refugees who escaped from Vietnam in small boats.
The August Coup
Detained Gorbachev at his vacation home on the Black Sea. They demanded his resignation as Soviet president. Protesters gathered at the Russian parliament building, where Yeltsin had his office. The hardliners ordered troops to attack the parliament building, but they refused. Their refusal turned the tide. The military withdrew its forces from Moscow and Gorbachev returned.
Commonwealth of Independent States
an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
A republic of Russia that has experienced some of the worst violence because they wanted independence
when was was russia apart of the soviet union