Terms in this set (66)
Federally funded program for 3-5yr old
children from low-income families to provide
educational services and emotional, social,
health, nutritional, and psychological support
that will prepare them to enter kindergarten.
Educational program for 3-6yrs olds that is subject based work centers. Little or no large group instructions and has uninterrupted extended work period. Mastery of observable skills is recorded by the teacher.
High Scope Approach
Based on belief of children being active learners and on the theories of Jean Piaget. Lessons relate to students' lives and environment, use developmental checklists, and the students design portfolios to showcase their work.
Reggio Emilia Approach
Children, families, teachers, and community take active role in education of each child and is a project-based curriculum built on student interests.
(Centralized curriculum at national level) US does NOT have one but a concern is if all states adopt common core then one will be put in place.
Analysis of Teaching
Procedures for teachers to critique their own performance in classroom.
Movement to improve teaching performance. Improved performance based on structure lessons and learning goals.
Most famous humanist educators and formed the humanistic theory of education.
Laid foundation for modern education based on children having unique needs and capabilities. Established first kindergarten and believed women were best suited to teach young children.
Viewed young child's mind as blank slate on which education could be imprinted. Had the idea that teachers needed to create a nonthreatening learning environment.
Believed "Knowledge is virtue". Created Socratic method of teaching which centers on the use of questions by the teacher to lead students to certain conclusion.
:A Nation A Risk" Report Outcome
Federal Government challenged schools to prepare students for a global economy.
Have highest chance of being verbally harassed, larges group of homeless students, feel isolated or unsafe, teacher at time ignore their sexual identity when designing lesson plans.
Comprehensive programs to bring school-wide changes in curriculum and instruction. Intention is to increase learning outcomes for all students.
Professional Learning Communities
Teams of teachers who work together to improve student learning.
School Improvement Process
Approach for gradual improvement of school curricula, team of principal, teachers, department chairs, and parents. Hold meetings to discuss students performance.
Success for All
Developed around core assumption that every child can read. Structure approach to curriculum and support for children. Specific reading books, tutors, 8 wk reading assessments.
School Development Program
Research-based, comprehensive K-12 education reform program grounded in principles of child, adolescent, and adult development. Decision making, problem solving, and collaboration.
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics curriculum.
Students master common core of info and skills. Vision of schooling where students engage in-depth and rigorous learning: essential learning goals, goals apply to all students, personalized teaching and learning, student performance on real tasks with multiple forms of evidence.
Common Core State Standards that describe knowledge and skills that students need for success in college and careers.
Develop standards that focus on what is most essential. Standards are learning-centered. Focusing directly on student learning instead of what teachers do. Focus explicitly on expectations for student learning.
Debate and Concern about CCSS
Available to all states-but is voluntary. If state seeks NCLB waivers they need to develop own or us CCSS. Standards expand until they become a national curriculum.
States that received waivers had to address several elements: adopt standards for college and career readiness, establish new accountability system, improve learning ELL and SE students, evaluation system based on measures to improve teacher effectiveness, restrict state control of education
establishment clause and free speech clause.
equal educational opportunity
implies state control of education
Child Benefit Theory
Addresses use of public funds for secular services: transportation, textbooks, testing. Services must benefit student, not school or religion
Early Colonial Schools
focused on religious beliefs and basic skills
precursor to primary school for most boys and some girls. taught in a house by a mother
Latin Grammar Schools
study of classical languages and literature.
emphasized by Ben Franklin and would follow practical curriculum in stead of classical one
Father of American Education for fighting for a universal system of public ed.
Roberts v City of Boston
made segregation of schools legal in 1850
Brown vs Board of Education
made segregation of public school unconstitutional
social devlopment theory that suggested social interaction among kids play major role in cognitive development
believes there are specific development tasks that children must master in order to develop normally
cognitive development theory. 4 major stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations.
believes in series of developmental steps or stages that children encounter as they mature
author of Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Believes one can predict learning outcomes by 3 factors
B. F. Skinner
developed behavioral theory
firmly believed if he devoted all efforts to improving vocational ed he could improve plight of African Americans
Booker T. Washington
early African American educations who contributed to development of ed in US
developed own theory and methods of educated young kids. Private Montessori schools still thrive
Ella Flagg Young
first female president of male-dominated national ed association
Essentialism, Behaviorism, Positivism
Progressivism, Humanism, Constructivisim
core info that educated people should know. draws from idealism and realism, focus on subject matter: required reading, lectures, exams, step by step insturctions
B.F. Skinner. determined by environment, not heredity. Teacher controls stimuli, highly organized, reward system, behavioral objectives
observable, measurable info. Laws of matter and motion, objective reality. assessment using same objective criteria
experiments, learners initiate questions. Human experience is bases for knowledge. how to think, not what to think.
ed enhance innate goodness, individual self, curriculum in environment, non-graded instruction, multi-age groups
hands on activity, freedom to discover own answers, critical thinking, problem based learning. teachers invite students to experience, students ask questions and seek own answers.
National Defense Education Act improves science, math, engineering, and language programs in schools
addresses equal treatment, appropriate education, and people with disablilites
individuals with disabilities act. give all children with disabilities a free and appropriate public ed
National Science Foundation
gov't agency created to promote progress of science
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
gov't agency manages and finances many schools on Native American resevations
Department of the Interior
gov't agency that has educational responsibility for children of national park employees, Somoans, and territories
Regional Education Laboratories
federal gov't funds set of ten regional education labs which proved curriculum development, technical assistance, and eval services to school districts and states
National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE)
non-gov't agency grants professional accreditation in teacher education to the school, college, or department of ed that is responsible for preparing teachers and other educators
Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC)
non-gov't agency that offers accreditation to teacher education programs. TEAC is newer than NCATE and is also dedicated to helping improve degree programs for professional educators
Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC)
non-gov't agency that created a set of 10 standards that describe what teachers should know an d be able to do
National Education Associate (NEA)
non-gov't agency and is a teacher union and by far largest teachers' organization. NEA is committed to advancing public education and improving working conditions. also provides resources to teachers; handbooks
American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
non-gov't agency and is second largest teachers' union. AFT has stressed organzied laborwas an important force in establishing system of free public school ans that it has actively supported school improvement programs.
non-gov't organizations that grant accreditation on university's financial status, student services, and general studies curriculum. 6 regional agencies that are named based on general region they are in.
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