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TFM 160 Exam 1
Terms in this set (56)
lies below the surface; an association or connection that a viewer makes based on the given meaning conveyed by the story and form of a film
available on the surface; everything that a movie presents on its surface
film analysis that examines how a scene or sequence uses formal element-narrative, cinematography, editing, sounds and so on to convey the story, mood, and meaning
used by filmmaker to reinforce the viewers subconcious beliefs or worldviews
run of the camera for an uninteruppted period of time
a direct change from one shot to another as a result of cutting: the point where shot A ends and shot B begins
The process by which the editor combines and coordinates individual shots into a cinematic whole; the basic creative force of cinema.
a shot that often shows a part of the body filling up the frame- traditionally a face, but possibly a hand, eye, or mouth.
Fade in/Fade out
transitional devices in which a shot fades; used to suggest an exteneded passing of time and beginning/ending of a scene
Low Angle Shot
Also known as low shot. A shot that is made with the camera below the action and that typically places the observer in a position of inferiority.
Cutting of Action
Also known as match-on-action cut. A continuity editing technique that smoothes the transition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles. The editor ends the first shot in the middle of a continuing action and begins the subsequent shot at approximately the same point in the matching action。 一种连续性编辑技术，可平滑从不同摄像机角度描绘单个动作的镜头之间的转换。
The primary character whose pursuit of the goal provides the structural foundation of a movie's story.
A recurring visual, sound, or narrative element that imparts meaning or significance.
A shared, public idea, such as a metaphor, an adage, a myth, or a familiar conflict or personality type.
The means by which a subject is expressed. The form for poetry is words; for drama, it is speech and action; for movies, it is pictures and sound; and so on.
the subject of an artwork; what is about
Act I, Act II, Act III; repeating narrative patterns emphasize content
-repetition of shots/sound; shot patterns, visual motifs
- convey a character's state of mind
an interest in or concern for the actual or real; the first motion pictures
an interest in or concern for the abstract/ fantastic
convincing appearance of truth; being "really there"
accepted system, methods or convention by which the movies communicate with the viewer; "film grammar"
Persistence of Vision愿景的坚持
the process by which the human brain retains the image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records 人脑保留图像比眼睛长
the illusion of movement caused by events that succeed each other rapidly.快速成功的事件造成的运动错觉
Critical Flicker Fusion
occurs when a single light flickers on and off with such speed that the individual pulse of light fuse together to give the illusion of continuous light当单个灯以这样的速度闪烁的速度发生，使得单个脉冲的光熔合在一起以给出连续光的错觉
the technique of alternating two or more scenes that often happen simultaneously but in different locations.交替的两个或多个场景的同时发生，但在不同的位置。
4 different ways of looking at Narrative
2. type of movie
3. structuring stories
4. broader concept that goes beyond applications故事
3 catefories of movies
narrative - fiction
documentary - nonfiction
expierimental - avante garde. 叙述 - 小说
纪录片 - 非小说
壮观的 - 前卫的
What are the 6 elements (sets of conventions) that your reading used to define film genres? ("Genre")
theme, setting, presentation, stars, character types, story formulas
the categorization of narrative films by form, content, or both. ex: musicals, comedy, biography, western and so on
6 genres in reading
gangster film, film noir, science fiction, horror, musical, western.流氓电影，黑社会，科幻，恐怖，音乐，西方
rooted in the concept of the american dream. rags-to-riches-to-destruction. most protagonists are killers
came after WWII, exposes americans to the horrors of war, and depressing topics
demonstrate wilderness vs civilization inspired by american history
3 basic types of animation
hand drawn, stop motion, digital
4 basic approaches to documentary films
factual, instructional, persuasive,propaganda事实，教学，说服力，宣传
present people/ a culture with entertainment with unduly influencing
educate without persuading on common interests
telling a story on social/ political issues by a particular perspective.通过特定的角度讲述社会/政治问题的故事
persuade an audience in an extreme way.以极端的方式说服观众
What is the difference between implicit and explicit meaning? (And how do these terms relate to onions, and ogres, and a movie such as Juno?)
explicit is the obvious meaning, lies on the surface
implicit is implied, deeper meaning under the surface
What is "formal analysis" and how does formal analysis differ from other types of analyses that explore the relationship between culture and movies?
formal analysis dissects the synthesis of cinematography, sound, comp, movement, performance and editing by creative artists
film form is the means by wich a subject is expressed
others are shot by shot and film analysis
What do we mean when we describe cinematic language as "invisible"? What are some of the reasons why cinematic language is invisible?
the strategies and techniques that are used by filmmakers that are hidden from the audience due to passive expierience and fast moving motion picture of film medium
What do we mean by cultural invisibility? How is his different from cinematic invisibility?
implicit meaning; cultural mores and prejudices lay under the surface; filmmaking is either aware or unaware unlike cinematic invisibility where filmaker IS aware
What is the difference between form and content? And why do works of art need both?
form- means by which a subject is expressed/expierienced and lets us see content in a particular way
content- subject of artwork; provides something to express
In what ways do movies use patterns to convey meaning? How do they create meaning by breaking an established pattern?
similarity and repition, parallel editing ( different lines of action happening simultaniously)
narrative patterns - element of structure, aquiaint with unfamiliar, ground with familiar
shot patterns- convey character state of mind, create relationships, communicate narrative meaning
warns viewers expectations and sets suspense of following scene.相似和复习，并行编辑（不同行动同时发生）
叙事模式 - 结构元素，陌生人，熟悉的地面
拍摄模式 - 传达人物心态，创造关系，传达叙事意义警告观众的期望和对现场的悬念
How do movies create an illusion of movement?
persistence of vision, phi phenomenon
How do movies manipulate space?
by moving seamlessly from one space to another or by making space move
How do movies manipulate time?
by fragmenting time in many ways or move back and forth in time
What is the difference between realism and antirealism in a movie, and why is verisimilitude important to them both?
real- interest/concern for the actual /real, tendency to view and express things as they really are
anti- interest/concern for the abstract, speculative or fantastic
How does animation differ from the other three basic types of movies?
classified as a distinct type of motion pic and has different mechanisms to create multitude of still images
diff form of movie making
What are the three basic phases of making a movie?
1. pre production
Principal activities: pre-production
Principal activities: production
Principal activities: post-production