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The Kawa Model
Occupation-Based Model: The Kawa Model
Terms in this set (22)
The meaning of Kawa in Japanese
What is the "river" a metaphor for?
The relationship among the variables of occupation in Japanese life and the process of OT intervention.
How was this model developed?
Japanese OTs built this theory from the ground up, considering the core beliefs and principles upon which Japanese society is structured.
What population is the primary focus of this framework?
People from Eastern cultures
What is the focus of this framework?
From the aspect of the Eastern cultures it is a way to explain the relevance and purpose of OT interventions. It communicates the inseparable nature of people from their collective social groups and inseparable quality of occupations from natural and spiritual context.
According to the first basic assumption how is occupation viewed in Japanese folklore?
occupation is "inseparably embedded in nature" and viewed only in cooperation with nature and society.
According to the second basic assumption how is ones occupation viewed?
Collective and the responsibility of the group as a whole.
According to the third basic assumption why is it difficult to apply general theories?
Reasoning and reality are situational
According to the fourth basic assumption, the ideas and opinions are not accepted in their own merit because?
The perceptions, thoughts, opinions, or feelings communicated are heard, accepted, or rejected by others according to the status or seniority of the person speaking.
What 5 elements were identified from brainstorming sessions within focus groups?
1. Life flow and health
2. Environmental factors
3. Life circumstances and problems
4. Personal assets and liabilities
5. OT interventions
Life flow and health
Life circumstances and problems (illness, misfortune, injuries)
Personal assets and liabilities
River bottom and sides represents?
External environmental factors
Spaces between elements provide?
Opportunities for occupational therapy interventions where shifting elements can create new pathways of flow.
Functioning can be equated with?
The flow of water in the river. Greater speed and volume equal greater health and well-being
Although the word "occupation" does not exist in the metaphorical description it exists everywhere in the Kawa Model because?
"Without water flowing there can be no river... without occupation, there can be no life."
The role of OT in the Kawa Model is?
Not to control the nature and circumstance, but yield to them and to find ways to increase the flow of life.
What would be an appropriate leadership style in the Kawa Model?
What would an example of a group goal be when using the Kawa Model?
Occupations involving communication and social interaction give group members practice in feedback in their ability to become one with the environment.
What would need to be carefully considered when developing a group intervention using the Kawa Model?
Issues of social structure
How would the OT intervene with clients facing "rocks," such as stigma, unemployment, or lack of transportation
Through advocacy for social change.