US Gov't The Legislative Branch Review

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The House of Representatives
435 members; makes and passes federal laws. Number of members is proportional to the population of a state
Senate
100 members. Ratifications of treaties, the confirmation of government officials. Headed by VP
Congressional Req. For House
- 25 yrs old
- be citizen for 7 years
- inhabit the state they represent
Req. for Senate
- 30 yrs old
- Citizen for 9 yrs
- Inhabit the state they represent
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Impeachment
Decided by the house, ultimately. A misconduct trial of the president.
Pigeonholing
A bill is shelved so the Senate can get on with future business
Logrolling
The process of exchanging favors between politicians for support in proposed legislature
Gerrymandering
Manipulation of political boundaries to suit a particular party
Redistricting
Drawing boundaries for political districts; is usually done every 10 years
Reapportionment
Redistribution of representatives in a legislative body
Filibuster
Prolonged speaking about whatever by a politician to keep a vote coming to the floor
Cloture
The vote to stop a filibuster
Earmark
A provision added to legislature to benefit the ear marker.
Pork-barrel legislation
A representative of an area working for benefits for their respective area
Standing Committees
A permanent committee that meets regularly.
Ex: Budget
Select Comm.
A small legislative committee called together for a specific purpose
Ex: Presidential Campaign Activities
Joint Comm.
Made of both members of the House and of the Senate
Conference Comm.
Resolves disagreements on a bill.
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