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Terms in this set (49)
The ______ consists of stratified squamous epithelium
The _____ consists of a papillary layer of areolar tissue and a reticular layer of dense irregular connective tissue
The ___________ layer separates the integument from deeper tissues and organs.
The ______ ______ include hair, nails, and exocrine glands
The ________ plexus is the network of arteries and veins connected to smaller vessels servicing the tissues of the integumentary system
The epidermis is dominated by _______
Dermal projections that project into the epidermis
______ skin contains four strata, and is about as thick as a plastic sandwich bag
_____ skin, contains a fifth layer and is about as thick as a standard paper towel.
The stratum ________is the first layer of the epidermis
The stratum ______ is in thick skin and separates the stratum corneum from deeper layers.
The stratum _______ is the grainy layer.
The stratum _______ is the spiny layer bound together by desmosomes.
______ cells participate in the immune response by stimulating a defense against microorganisms that manage to penetrate the superficial layers of the epidermis and superficial skin cancers.
The stratum ______ is the basal layer of the epidermis.
______ cells dominate the stratum basale. They are stem cells whose divisions replace the more superficial keratinocytes that are lost or shed at the epithelial surface.
_____ is brown, yellow-brown, or black pigment produced by ___________
Melanocytes manufacture melanin from the amino acid tyrosine, and package it in intracellular vesicles called ________
_____ is an orange-yellow pigment that normally accumulates in epidermal cells.
The ______ plexus is a network of capillaries that provides oxygen and nurtients to the dermis and epidermis
The most common form of skin cancer is a ______ cell carcinoma.
______ cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer.
The most serious form of skin cancer is a _______ melanoma.
The _____ layer consists of areolar tissue.
The _____ layer consists of interwoven meshwork of dense irregular connective tissue containing both collagen and elastic fibers.
The ________ separates the skin from deeper structures. It stabilizes the position of the skin in relation to underlying tissues while permitting independent movement.
A _____ ______ is a little organ composed of epithelial and connective tissues that is responsible for the formation of a single hair.
A _______ _______ is a peg of connective tissue containing capillaries and nerves
The ____ _____ begins deep within the hair follicle
The _____ _____ anchors the hair into the skin.
A ______ ______ plexus of sensory nerves surrounds the base of each hair follicle.
root hair plexus
A _______ gland produces secretions that coat the hair and the adjacent surface of the skin
The ______ pili is a smooth muscle whose contraction pulls on the follicle and causes goosebumps
The _____ forms the surface of the hair.
The ____ of the hair is a intermediate layer of cells deep to the cuticle
The ______ consists of cells at the center of the hair matrix
The growth zone of the hair
The medulla of the hair contains a flexible _____ _______
The cortex contains thick layers of _____ _____ which give the hair its stiffness
The _____ phase lasts 2-5 years. Hair grows continuously.
During the _____ phase the hair loses its attachment to the follicle.
_____ glands are oil glands
Sebaceous glands secrete ______ which coats the hair shaft and surrounding epidermal surfaces.
______ protect the exposed dorsal surfaces of the tips of the fingers and toes.
The nail _____ consists of dead, tightly compressed cells packed with keratin
The body covers an area of epidermis called the nail _____
A pale arched area near the root of the nail
Nail production occurs at the nail ______
A portion of the stratum corneum of the nail root extends over the exposed nail forming a ______
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