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39 terms

PSY 48-52

STUDY
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lack of guilt feelings
Antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by
phobias
incapacitating efforts to avoid specific anxiety producing situations is most indicative of certain
anxiety, eccentricity, impulsivity
the distinctive features used to identify the three clusters of personality disorders are
hallucinations
dopamine overactivity appears to be most clearly related to
self-blaming attributions
The social cognitive perspective has emphasized that depression is perpetuated by
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Because of some troubling thoughts, Carl recently had a PET scan of his brain that revealed excessive activity in the anterior cingulate area. Carl's psychiatrist believes that Carl suffers from
psychoanalytic
Which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger toward parents
psychoanalytic
Connie's therapist has suggested that her depression stems from unresolved anger toward her parents. Evidently Connie's therapist is working within the _________ perspective
a genetic predisposition
Among the following, which is generally accepted as a possible cause of schizophrenia
- being a twin
- a genetic predisposition
- extensive learned helplessness
- an excess of endorphins in the brain
most depressive episodes appear not to be preceded by any particular factor or events
What is not true concerning depression
medical model bias
Most practitioners find the DSM-IV-TR a helpful and practical tool despite its
frontal
The reduced self control of murderers is most closely related to reduced brain activity in their
anxiety
Psychoanalytic and learning theorists both agree that dissociative disorders are symptoms that represent the person's attempt to deal with
dissociative disorder
exhibiting two or more distinct and alternating personalities is a symptom of an
dissociative
Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of _________ disorders
learning
Melissa is fearful of men and refuses to go out on dates. Her therapist suggests that she is fearful because she was sexually abused by her father when she was young. The therapist's suggestion most clearly reflects a _________ perspective
schizophrenia
Evidence suggests that prenatal viral infections contribute to
hypochondriasis
Misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a dreaded disease is indicative of
anxiety disorder
_________ is characterized by a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal
depression
among women, the stresses and demoralization of poverty are especially likely to precipitate
dissociative identity disorder
Researchers have suggested that the role playing of fantasy prone patients in response to the leading questions of therapists has often contributed to
social cognitive
Ken's therapist suggested that his depression is a result of his self defeating thoughts and negative assumptions about himself, his situation, and his future. Evidently his therapist is working within the _________ perspective
biological
linkage analysis is of greatest interest to those who attempt to explain mood disorders from a _______ perspective
more intense, less prolonged
in comparison to generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder is characterized by periods of distress that are
human strengths
one facet of the positive psyc movement has been the intro of a classification system designed to aid in the process of assessing
PTSD
the social withdrawal and haunting nightmares of battle scarred war veterans best illustrate symptoms of
free floating
Freud suggested that for those suffering a generalized anxiety disorder, the anxiety is
women think men act
gender differences in the prevalence of depression may be partly due to the fact that when stressful experiences occur
panic disorder
which of the following disorders is characterized by the most sudden and unpredictable episodes of
somatoform disorder
a psychological disorder in which the symptoms take bodily form without apparent physical cause is a
stimulus generalization
a person attacked by a fierce dog develops a fear of all dogs. This best illustrates
nature and nurture
most mental health workers today take the view that disordered behaviors arise from the interaction of
presence; absence
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia are the _______ of inappropriate behaviors and negative symptoms
ADHD
people diagnosed with _______ experience a normal but delayed thinning of the frontal cerebral cortex
social cognitive
which perspective suggests that explaining our own failures in terms that are global stable and internal contributes to depressions
personal worthlessness
A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by feelings of
antisocial personality disorder
the distinctive older term psychopath refers to an individual with
physical symptoms of psychological distress
compared with people in western countries people in china more often report
incompletely repressed impulses
the psychoanalytical perspective would most likely view phobias as displaced responses to