27 terms

Legislative Branch

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Congress
The two houses of __________ make up the legislative branch of the US government.
bicameral
The US Congress is a __________ legislature because it has two "chambers" or parts.
House of Representatives
Congress is made up of the Senate and the __________.
Senate
Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the __________.
100
The Senate has __________ members -- two from each state.
2
The Senate has 100 members -- __________ from each state.
6
Senators serve __________ year terms.
filibuster
Senators can __________ some bills. This means that a cloture resolution must be passed to limit debate. Cloture resolutions require 60 votes to pass.
cloture
Senators can filibuster some bills. This means that a __________ resolution must be passed to limit debate. This requires 60 votes to pass.
Senate
Top executive branch officials (members of the cabinet, for example) are nominated by the President, but confirmed by the __________.
Senate
Ambassadors (people who represent this country in other countries) are nominated by the President, but must be confirmed by the __________.
Senate
Presidents can negotiate Treaties with other countries, but they must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the __________.
two-thirds
Presidents can negotiate Treaties with other countries, but they must be approved by a __________ vote of the Senate.
makes
The legislative branch __________ the law.
two-thirds
If the President vetoes a bill, Congress can override the veto and make the bill a law with a __________ vote in both houses.
two-thirds
Congress can propose amendments to the US Constitution with a __________ vote in both houses (three-fourth of the states must vote to ratify).
impeachment
Congress has the power to remove executive branch officials and federal judges through the procedure known as __________.
House of Representatives
Articles of impeachment are passed by a majority vote in the __________.
two-thirds
After articles of impeachment are passed by the House of Representatives, the Senate holds a trial. It takes a __________ vote of the Senate to convict and remove an official or federal judge.
Senate
After articles of impeachment are passed by the House of Representatives, the __________ holds a trial. It takes a two-thirds vote to convict and remove an official or federal judge.
435
There are __________ members of the House of Representatives. The number from each state is determined by that state's population.
population
There are 435 members of the House of Representatives. The number from each state is determined by that state's __________.
Senate
Federal judges (including members of the Supreme Court) are nominated by the President, but confirmed by the __________.
majority
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a __________ vote of both Houses of Congress.
both Houses of Congress
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of __________.
House of Representatives
All revenue bills (bills dealing with general taxes) must start in the __________.
amendment
An __________ is a change to a constitution (e.g., U.S. Constitution, Florida Constitution).