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here's my list of the china vocab. if something is wrong or needs to be filled in, feel free to go in and edit it.


one of the two ports of China where foreign ships could unload cargoes


when foreigners are tried in their own country's courts for a crime in a different country


to "bow low" (to a superior, emperor, ruler...); sign of inferiority

Sphere of Influence

an area in which a foreign nation has special economic privileges

Open Door Policy

the policy set up by the USA where all nations were supposed to have equal access to trade with China

Taiping Rebellion

a peasant revolution during the Qing dynasty lasting 14 years and killing over 50 million people

Boxer Rebellion

the attempt of the Fists of Righteous Harmony to expel all Chinese Christians and foreign settlers, missionaries, and business men

Revolution of 1911

The large civil war lasting from 1911-1928 at the cause of its unorganized government systems

Dr. Sun Yatsen

the temporary president of the new republic who helped organize the Guaomindang (nationalist party), supported democracy, and spoke of 'livelihood'

Chian Kai-Shek

an energetic young officer appointed by Sun Yatsen to command the nationalist army, later becoming ruler of the Nationalist party and China

The Nationalists

the people who believed in making China a unified nation and ending foreign domination

Mao Zedong

the communist leader of China in the late 1920's and 30's who rose to power through gaining the support of peasants

The Long March

the 6,000 mile march of about 90,000 communists, lasting over a year, to avoid the nationalist army; only about 7000 people survived

Japanese Invasion of China

in 1931, Japanese seized Manchuria, later followed by a full-blown war against China in 1937; the nationalists and communists worked together to defeat the Japanese


the Manchurians

List of Han Accomplishments

improved calendar, seismograph, medical colleges, advances in medical treatment, acupuncture, use of a pulse, anesthetics, agricultural flood control systems, fertilizer, drought-resistant rice, wheelbarrow, mill wheel, water clock, sundial, foot stirrup, paper

List of Mongol Accomplishments

efficient road and transport system, goods and technology like the compass, sternpost rudder, mechanical clock, gunpowder, printing

Appeal of Communism

the promise to end many years of oppression by landlords and government officials

Totalitarian State

a state where the government controls every aspect of citizens' lives through a single-party dictatorship


the industrial working class


the spread of ideas to promote a cause or damage and opposing cause

Little Red Book

"Quotations from Chairman Mao," a book that children and adults alike were taught had all the answers to China's problems

Tiananmen Square

a place where at first small student protests were allowed, but in June 1989, were banished; protesters refused to leave, and the army opened fire- several thousand people were killed or wounded; "The Beijing Massacre"

The Great Leap Forward

Mao Zedong's call upon the Chinese to make a superhuman effort to achieve modernization

Revolutionary Goals-


Collective Farms

farms that were taken over by the government, including the workers who received part of the harvest


societies of several villages, thousands of acres of land, and as many as 20,000 people living in dorms, eating in dining halls, and living government-regulated lives

Central Planning


Cultural Revolution

Mao Zedong's attempt at ruling out all signs of capitalism and nationalism through Chinese youth

Deng Xiaoping

the proceeding leader of China after Mao Zedong, keeping the same main goals of helping China achieve wealth and power, but stressing economic reform instead of class struggle

The 4 Modernizations (1980's)

Deng Xiaoping's program for modernizing agriculture, expanding industry, developing science and technology, and upgrading China's defense forces

Responsibility System

the system introduced by Deng Xiaoping where each farm family was responsible for making its own living; with land leased from the government, each householder raised crops and sold a certain amount of harvest to the government at a set price; any surplus could be sold for profit on the open market

President Nixon's Visit

Nixon's visit to China that opened up trade between the two countries

Red Guards

a youth group holding mass rallies to support Mao, attacking government officials and others who did not fully support the chairman

Free Enterprise System

an economic system in which people can choose their own jobs, start private businesses, own property, and make a profit

Special Economic Zones

a place where foreign companies enjoy tax benefits and private free enterprise flourishes

Poor Human Rights Record

China's record of limited freedoms to the people

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