40 terms

NASM Chapter 5 - Fitness Assessment

Integrated Fitness Assessment
Provides the fitness professional with a three dimensional representation of the client, which enables proper construction of a training program
Structural efficienccy
Alignment of the musculoskeletal system that allows a center of gravity to be maintained over a base of support
Questionaire that is designed to help qualify clients for activity levels and identify those who may need medical attention
Objective information
Measurable data that can be utilized to denote improvements in the client, as well as the effectiveness of the program - Physiologic ass., body comp. testing, cardiorespiratory ass., performance assess.
Postural equilibrium
The ability to efficiently maintain balance
Diastolic pressure
Signifies the minimum pressure within the arteries through a full cardiac cycle
Alignment and function of the kinetic chain at any given moment
Subjective information
Feedback from the client to the fitness professional regarding personal history - Occupation, Lifestyle, Medical & personal info.
Functional efficiency
Ability of the neuromuscular system to monitor and manipulate movement using the least amount of energy, creating the least amount of stress on the kinetic chain
Systolic pressure
Reflects the pressure produced by the heart as it pumps blood to the body
Maximum Heart Rate
220- persons age
Zone 1
Max. HR X .65 or Max. HR X .75 - builds aerobic base and aids in recovery
Zone 2
Max. HR X .80 or Max. HR X .85 - Increases endurance and trains the anaerobic threshold
Zone 3
Max. HR X .86 or Max. HR X .90 - Builds high-end work capacity
4 Skinfold Test Sites
Biceps, Triceps, Subscapular & Iliac crest
Heart Rate
taken by the radial pulse (wrist) or carotid pulse (neck) 15 sec. X 4 will give you heart rate bpm
Cient's body fat percentage is measured by:
Skin-fold Caliper Measurements
7 Circumference Mesurements
Neck, Chest, Waist, Hips, Thighs, Calves, Biceps
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Mild 25-30, Moderate 30-35, Severe over 35
Cardiorespiratory Assessments
Three Minute Step Test & Rockport Walk Test
Posture & Movement Assessments
Overhead Squat Assess., SL Squat Assess, Pushing Assess, Pulling Assess
Basic Performance Assessments
Davies Test, Shark Skill Test, Upper Extremity Strength Assess (Bench Press), Lower Extremity Strength Assess (Squat with barbell)
Observing client performing overhead squat
Observe client from the front(anterior view) feet, ankles & knees, & from the side (lateral view)lumbo-pelvic-hip complex, shoulder, and cervical complex
OH Squat - feet turn out
Overactive muscles, soleus, lat. gastrocnemium, biceps femoris (short head)
OH Squat - knees - move inward
Overactive muscles - Adductor complex, biceps femoris(short head) TFL, vastus lateralis
Overhead Squat - lumbo pelvic complex - excessive lean forward
Overactive muscles - Soleus, lat.gastrocnemius, hip flexor complex, abdominal complex
Overhead Squat - lumbo pelvic complex - low back arches
Overactive muscles - hip flexor complex, erector spine
Overhead Squat - Shoulder complex - arms fall forward
Overactive muscles - latissimus dorsi, teres major, pectoralis major/minor
SL Squat - Knee moves inward
Overactive muscles - Adductor complex, biceps femoris (short head), TFL, vastus lateralis
Pushing Assessment - Lumbo-pelvic-hip-complex - low back arches
Overactive muscles - hip flexors, erector spine
Pushing Assessment - Shoulder complex
Upper trapezius, Sternocleidomastoid, Levator scapulae
Pushing Assessment - Head protrudes forward
Overactive muscles - Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Checkpoints for Pushing & Pulling Assessments
Lumbo-pelvic-hip-complex, Shoulder complex & head
Pulling Assessment - LPHC - low back arches
Overactive muscles - hip flexors & erector spine
Pulling Assessment - Shoulder complex - shoulder elevation
Overactive muscles - upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Pulling Assessment - Head - head protrudes forward
Overactive muscles - upper trapeziius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae
Davies Test
designed to assess upper extremity agility & stabilization
Shark Skill Test
designed to assess lower extremity agility & neuromuscular control
Bench Press Test
designed to estimate the one-rep max. for training intensity purposes. considered an advanced assess. for strength-specific goals
Squat with Barbell Test
designed to estimate the one-rep squat max. for training intensity purposes. considered an advanced assess. for strength-specific goals