37 terms

EOC Review - Contemporary America

STUDY
PLAY
2000 election
Supreme Court declares Bush beats Gore, Gore won more popular vote, last state was Florida-had to do a recount, Democrats wanted recount, Supreme court voted 5-4 to stop counting, A small number of votes can determine an election's outcome
2008 election
Barack Obama, first African American president, elected
9/11
Elaborate terrorist attack masterminded by Bin Laden and Al Qaeda directed at the world trade center , pentagon, and U.S. capital
Afghanistan
this country has been a safe haven for terrorist Bin Laden and Al Qaeda. The Taliban government sponsored terrorist training camps and suppressed the people of this country. In response to September 11, 2001, President Bush (43) ordered the invasion of this country.
Balkans Crisis
After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991 wars between former Soviet nations led to this humanitarian crisis and charges of ethnic cleansing.
Barack Obama
1st African-American to be elected
Camp David Accords
led by President Carter - A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
conservative
A person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom - correlates with Republicans
Contract with America
In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.
detente
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon.
embargo
an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
First Arab-Israeli war
May 1948-December 1948; Israel defeated Arabs; both sides signed cease-fire agreements but not permanent peace treaties
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Signed by 23 nations in 1947 to ensure fair rules for trade and reduce tariffs; replaced by the World Trade Organization (WTO)
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
Global War on Terror
global effort declared by George W. Bush with willing nations against terrorist groups beginning with Al Qaeda
Heritage Foundation
Conservative American think tank in Washington D.C to promote conservative public policies. based the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional american values and a strong national defense.
international trade policies
The reasons for and effects of trade restrictions or lack of restrictions between countries
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
Iran-Contra Affair
During the second term of the Reagan administration, government officials sold missiles to Iran (hoping that this would help free American hostages held in Lebanon); money from this sale was used to aid anti-communist Contra forces in Nicaragua. Iran was a country that was supposed to be on the American "no trade" list because of their taking of American hostages, and congressional legislation had been enacted making it illegal to give money to the Contras. A major scandal for the Reagan administration.
Kuwait
invaded by Iraq over the issue of oil
liberal
A person whose views favor more govt involvement in business, social welfare, minority rights, &increased govt spending - aligned with Democrats
marines in Lebanon
Reagan sent peacekeeping troops, but after a suicide bomber killed 200 marines, he withdrew the force.
Middle East
Geo-Political designation of the area stretching from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the western side of the Indian subcontinent. Consists of countries such as Israel, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.
Moral Majority
"Born-Again" Christians become politically active. The majority of Americans are moral people, and therefore are a political force.
National Rifle Association
This group was the largest political lobbying organization that sought to secure 2nd amendment rights.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Agreement signed on January 1, 1994, that allows the opening of borders and reduction of tariffs between the United States, Mexico, and Canada
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
an international economic organization whose member countries all produce and export oil
Peace through Strength
Reagan's policy of combating communism by building up the military, including aggressive development of new weapons systems.
Persian Gulf War
(1990 - 1991) Conflict between Iraq and a coalition of countries led by the United States to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait which they had invaded in hopes of controlling their oil supply. Iraq retreated but Saddam Hussein was NOT taken out of power.
Phyllis Schlafly
Anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family
President Jimmy Carter
President who stressed human rights. Panama Canal Treaty, diplomacy with China, end of recognition of Taiwan; little accomplished domestically due to conservative opposition, foreign policy more successful; Washington outsider, Experienced high interest rates, inflation, increased government spending, rising unemployment, decreased union membership
Reaganomics
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
revolutionaries
Someone who leads, joins, or wants a revolution.
Ronald Reagan
1981-1989,"Great Communicator" Republican, conservative economic policies. While president, he developed Reaganomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-Contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
Shah of Iran
Leader of Iran supported by the United States who wanted to nationalize their oil and improve economy, sparks Iranian Revolution and Shah is overthrown (1979)
Six-Day War
A brief war between Israel and a number of Arab states in 1967; during this conflict Israel took over Jerusalem, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula, and the West Bank.
Yom Kippur War
This was a war fought by Israel and neighboring Arab nations where the Arabs launched a surprise attack during Yom Kippur. U.S. support for Israel during the war led to OPEC boycotting the U.S., creating an energy crisis.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.