Abnormal Psychology: Anxiety Disorders

Types of Anxiety Disorders, as well as their symptoms and possible explanations.
Anxiety Disorders
Characterized primarily by anxiety that i so intense or so frequent that it causes serious symptoms.
Mood symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
tension, nervousness, distress, sometimes panic, development of depression
5 Main Categories
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Stress Disorders (PTSD & Acute Stress Disorder)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
General, persistent, constant, and often rehabilitating levels of anxiety
Specifics of GAD
No triggers, physiological symptoms typical of a hyperactive autonomic nervous system, lasts from 6 months to years, 5% of people are afflicted by it in some point in their lives
Panic Disorder
Characterized by brief, abrupt, and unprovoked recurrent episodes of intense and uncontrollable anxiety
Symptoms of Panic Disorder
Suddenly feeling apprehensive or terrified, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, dizziness, sweating, trembling
Specifics of Panic Disorder
Fears losing control of self, going crazy, having a heart attack, of dying; fear of having a panic attack can lead to the development of the disorder; susceptible to agoraphobia due to association with panic attacks; afflicts 1.5% of US population
transfer of an anxiety learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus