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26 terms

Chapter 30 Nutrition and Health Promotion

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Diabetes Type 1
Beta cells in the pancreas no longer prodcue insulin, meaning the patient must follow complicated dietary and medication treatment plans
Psyllium
Water-soluble fiber found in some cereals, dietary supplements, and bulk fiber laxatives
Triglyceride
Fatty acid and glycerol compound that combines with a protein molecule to form high - or low density lipoprotein
Digestion
Process of converting food into chemical substances that can be used by the body
Nutrient Deficiency
Conditions caused by a below-normal intake of a particular substance
Turgor
Skin tension test that can reveal dehydration
Amino acid
Organic compounds that form the chief constituents of protein and are used by the body to build and repair tissues
Neural tube defects
Any of a group of congenital anomalies of the brain and spinal column caused by failure of the neural tube to close during embryonic development
Hydrogenated oils
Oils that are combined with hydrogen, making them more saturated
Cholesterol
Nonessential nutrient produced by the liver that can result in atherosclerosis plaques with excessive dietary intake
Vertigo
Dizziness
Diverticulosis
Presence of pounchlike herniations through the muscular layer of the colon
Free radicals
Unstable compounds believed to damage cells, resulting in cancer, heart disease, and other disorders
Diabetes type 2
In ability of the body to use glucose for energy as result either of a lack of insulin production in the pancreas or of resistance to insulin on the cellular level
Metabolism
The process in which nutrients are used at the cellular level
Anabolism
The building phase
Catabolism
Breaking down phase
HDL
good fats
LDL
very low density lipoprotein carry cholesterol to the cells
What is the purpose of the nomogram
Determine BMI, how healthy a persons weight is its a good estimate in the degrees of fat
List four functions of water
* Key role in the maintenance of body temp.
*Acts as a solvent
*Acts as a lubricant for joints and mucous membranes
*Acts as a vehicle for transportation of substances such as nutrients, hormones and antibodies
Functions of proteins
*Builds and repair body tissue
*Regulates fluids and electrolyte balance
*Provides energy
*Bodys defense mechanisms against disease by creating antibodies
Basal Metabolic rate
Is the amount of energy used by a fasting, resting individual to maintain vital functions
Nutrients
4
Fats
9
Vitamins (2) types
Fat Soluble and Water Soluble