AP Government Chapter 1
Terms in this set (16)
A system that makes authoritative public policies made for society.
The process by which government officials, as well as the policies they pursue, are chosen.
The Policymaking System
Political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. (political parties, elections, interest groups, the media, etc.)
Several issues that capture the serious attention of political officials and other figures in politics at a given time.
Goods and services, such as clean water, that by nature cannot be denied to anyone.
The 5 Basic Duties Each Government Should Perform
1. Maintain a national defense.
2. Provide public goods and services.
3. Preserve order.
4. Socialize the young.
5. Collect taxes.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members tend to take an uncompromising stance.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the
Traditional Democratic Theory
1. Equality in voting.
2. Effective participation
3. Enlightened. understanding.
4. Citizen control of the agenda.
Democratic theory that states that the government is comprised of several different groups that compete to reach compromise, no one group dominating another.
Elite and Class Theory
Democratic theory that states that society is divided by class lines, with the upper class elite in power
(Policies benefit those with money/power)
Democratic theory that states that he government is comprised of several groups, all of which are too strong, which leads to muddled policy and gridlock --- the government suffers because of groups
Challenges to Democracy
Increased complexity of issues, limited participation in government, escalating campaign costs, and diverse political interests.
5 Elements of American Political Culture