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consists of solid material that has been deposited on Earth's surface by wind, water, ice, gravity, or chemical precipitation.
Glaciers and landslides tend to create _____________ in which sediments of different sizes are mixed together.
During_________, the minerals in a rock are dissolved or otherwise chemically changed.
This process by which minerals growth binds sediments grains together into solid rock is _____________.
As a result of _____________, sediments are laid down on the ground or on the bottom of bodies of water.
The physical and chemical process called____________transforms sediments into sedimentary rocks.
During_____________, minerals remain chemically unchanged, and rock fragments simply break off of the solid rock along fractures or grain boundaries.
Sands are usually poorly compacted during deposition, and they tend to compact a great deal during burial.
Sediments buried 3 to 4 km deep experience temperature that start the chemical and mineral changes that cause cementation.
In one type of cementation, existing minerals grains grow larger as the same mineral precipitates and crystallizes around them.
Bedding is called_____________when the heaviest and coarsest material is on the bottom.
A second type of bedding called___________forms as inclined layers of sediments= migrate forward across a horizontal surface.
Many sedimentary rocks contain______________,the preserved remains, impressions, or any other evidence of once-living organisms.
During_____________, parts of an organism can be replaced by minerals and turned into rock.
Rock whose texture, mineralogy, or chemical composition has been altered without melting it.
Metamorphism resulting from high temperature and pressure that affects a large region.
Minerals that crystallize at higher temperatures as a result of contact metamorphism tend to be found near:
The type of metamorphism that occurs when very hot water reacts with and alters the mineralogy of rock is:
Metamorphic rocks in which the long axes of their minerals are perpendicular to the pressure that altered them are describes as:
Metamorphic rocks that lack mineral grains with long axes oriented in one direction are describes as:
metamorphic rock can melt to form magma, magma cools down -> form igneous rock
How can metamorphic rock can be transformed into igneous rock?
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