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What part of the amino acid structure contains a negarive charge and the Alkaline group?
What part of the amino acid structure contains the carboxyl group is acidic and contains a positive charge?
What are the essential Amino Acids?
Histidine Tryptophan Valine Theronine Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Phenylalanine Methionone
a ____ _______ is a bond that connects the acid end of one AA with the amino end of another AA, forming a link in a protein chain.
Instructions for making every protein is filed in the ______ with in each ____ _____
DNA Cell Nucleus
Errors that alter AA sequence/ mistakes made in copying genetic code is known as a?
Switching genes on and off, without changing the genetic sequence, is known as ___________
In the small intestine and pancreas polypeptides are broken down by pancreatic and intestinal proteases into ______, ________ and ______ ______
tripeptides dipeptides amino acids
In the small intestine and pancreas peptides are broken down by intestinal tripeptidases and dipeptidases into _____ ______ and absorbed
Proteins can act as a ______ which are chemical messengers secreted by the endocrine glands in response to altered conditions in the body
Proteins function in the regulation of _____ _______ by helping maintain the proper types and amounts of fluids in each body compartment.
_______ are good buffers because all proteins contain acidic components and basic components
Whenever plasma proteins act as buffers it is always _____ because you never have extra protein.
______ are large proteins produced by the immune system in response to the invasion of the body by foreign molecules.
substances that elicit the formation of antibodies or an inflammation reaction from the immune system are known as?
The constant degradation and synthesis of protein that occurs with in each cell is known as protein _______.
The supply of AAs derived from either food proteins or body proteins that collect in the cells and circulation blood is known as the?
Amino Acid Pool
Nitrogen _______ is the amount of nitrogen consumed as compared with the amount of nitrogen excreted in a given time period.
Pregnant women and growing children have a ______ nitrogen balance which causes more protein synthesis.
Starvation, stress, burns and trauma all cause a ______ nitrogen balance which causes more protein degradation.
________ is caused by deamination, released into the blood stream, converted into urea and then excreted.
_____ quality proteins that contain all the EAAs in relatively the same amount that human beings require.
EAA found in the shortest supply relative to the amounts needed for protein synthesis is known as the ______ amino acid.
The standard against which the quality of other proteins is measured (reference protein) is the EAA requirements of _________ aged children.
________ proteins are two or more dietary proteins whose AA assortments complement each other in such a way that the EAAs missing from one are supplied by the other
___ _____ ______ is A deficiency of protein, energy, or both, including kwashiorkor, marasmus, and overlapping conditions
Protein energy malnutrition
____ or starvation: Form of PEM that results from a severe deprivation of, or impaired absorption of, energy, protein, vitamins, & minerals over a long time (chronic PEM)
_____ is a Form of PEM that results either from a sudden/recent inadequate protein intake or, commonly, infection (acute PEM)
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