WWI chapter 13 vocab

modern world history vocab for chapter 3 on world war 1

Terms in this set (...)

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
tripple alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
tripple entente
Britian, Russia, and France
kaiser wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
archduke ferdinand
Heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI
powder keg
Balkan penninsula area was nicknamed this because so many conflicts broke out there
gavril princip
Serbian nationalist who killed Archduke Ferdinand
central powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
western front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war (1918).
black hand
the Serbian terrorist group that planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
battle of somme
A 1916 WWI (1914-1918) battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate, the bitter three-month conflict is notable for the high number of casualties- 1.25 million men killed or wounded - and the first use of tanks in warfare.
trench warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
eastern front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
schlieffen plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia. But it lasted much longer than expected.
blank check
germany gave a blank check of military support to austria-hungary because of the assasination of archduke
battle of verdun
Battle fought between French and German armies from February to December 1916; more than 700,000 people died - one of the most costly battles of the WWI.
gallipoli campaign
England and France's attempt to take over the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) by the way of Dardanelles Strait.
unrestricted submarine warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters without warning
zimmerman note
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
total war
The channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
limited the supply of goods (meatless monday)
Russian revolution
czar wilhelm steps down, Nov. 1917 Lenin takes over, russia out of war,
an agreement to stop fighting
woodrow wilson
After World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.
fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
treaty of versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
outcomes of treaty of versailles
Central Powers lost a lot of land. New independent nations. Ottoman Turks forced to give up most of their empire. Russia lost land. Did little to build lasting peace. Land agreements not met or not good enough, which led to a second catastrophic war decades later. "A Peace built on Quicksand."
georges clemenceau
french, wanted to punish germany 1841-1929 he disagreed with woodrow wilson all the time and had a larger request for world peace.
allowing people to decide for themselves under what gov't they wished to live. Guarding idea behind 14 points
league of nations
an international assosiation whose goal would be to keep peace among nations, was created in the treaty of versailles and came from wilson's 14 points
david lloyd george
Britain's prime minister at the end of World War I whose goal was to make the Germans pay for the other countries' staggering war losses