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APUSH World War One-The Great War

STUDY
PLAY
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
War Industries Board
Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
Food Administration
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
Railroad Administration
government agency which took all railroads from private hands until after the war
National War Labor Board
During WWI it mediated disputes between management and laborers to prevent strikes
Herbert Hoover
He was the head of the Food Administration who also led a charity drive to feed Belgians. He ensured the success of the Food Administration and created a surplus of food through volunteer actions.
Taft
Head of the National War Labor Board
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Chicago Race Riots
the first riots where blacks were on the offensive, 15 whites and 23 blacks dead
Franz Fernidad
Man assasinated-serbian-caused begining of war
Lusitania
American passenger ship sung by Germans-really pissed off America
Committe of Public Information
Directed by George Creel... propaganda created for full support of the war/soldiers but also leads towards discrimination of German Americans
George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
Meuse-Argonne
also called the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire western front, final battle of WWI, American forces defeat the German army, leads to a cease-fire
Armistice
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms-no one wins/no one loses
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Big Four
Woodrow Wilson (US president), Georges Clemenceau (french premier), David Lloyd George (british prime minister), Vittorio Orlando (italian prime minister)
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Self Determination
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Rhineland
Region between Germany and France demilitarized by Treaty of Versailles; Hitler occupied and fortified the region
Alsace-Lorraine
Territory taken by Germany from France as a rest of the Franco Prussian war. Was later returned to France as a result of German defeat in WWI
Espionage Act
Government law saying that if anything anti-american is said or sent in the mail, you could go to jail for 20 years
Sedition act
If you speak against war bonds and other American activities in the war, jail for you
Schenk Case
Supreme Court decides that right to speech is not protected if it "presents a clear and present danger"-similar to Abrams Case
Post-war strikes
Coal miners and Steel workers strike once the war is over because they are now allowed to-many say this labor unrest is due to the workers being communists-not really
Red Scare
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
Mitchel Palmer
Attorney General who started raids that invaded businesses and homes to look for evidence of being a communist-not illegal to be communist though