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Terms in this set (88)
Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species
Restricts the import and export of endangered
species from other countries
Animal Welfare Act
Federal statute that governs the sale, handling, transport, and use of animals
- "Applies to all warm-blooded animal that are used for research, testing, or teaching except horses and livestock used for agricultural
research, food, or fiber"
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
Responsible for the approval of use of animals in teaching and research
Each animal must have a certain protocol in handling and use, this is for the humane treatment of each animal that is used
The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animal
The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Anima
The primary reference on animal care and use
Institute for Laboratory Animal Research
Responsible for The Guide; also serves as a resource for the research facilities, institutions, and the public for the humane care and treatment of lab animals
Public Health Service
Government organization that includes many others like the CDC and FDA; funds some research facilities and any facility that receives funding must follow the standards included in The Guide
The Office of Research Integrity
focused on promoting integrity in biomedical and behavioral research funded by the PHS; Investigates any misconduct in the facilities
Food and Drug Administration
Focuses on the health and safety of the public; enforces laws that are designed for this purpose
Environmental Protection Agency
a federal government agency that administers laws for the protection of the environment and human health
Good Laboratory Practices
Used as a quality assurance program and an archive system so that studies are planned, performed, recorded, and reported as necessary
Standard Operating Procedures
Step by step descriptions of all scientific and husbandry procedures performed in a facility (cleaning to surgery)
National Institutes of Health
primary focus is to support and conduct biomedical research; studies the effect of environmental hazards on human health
- Institutions that receive funding from NIH must follow PHS policies
Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care
Private nonprofit organization that promotes the humane treatment for animals in science through a voluntary accreditation process
Office of Laboratory Welfare
provides guidance and interpretation of the PHS; supports educational
programs; serve as a coordinator in between some agencies
US Dept. of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
APHIS is a branch of the USDA and is responsible for compliance; Their Mission: "to protect and promote food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues"; this branch implements emergency protocols to contain/prevent outbreaks of
diseases and/or pests
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Responsible for safety of consumer products; ex. recalls on toys etc. that pose a risk to the consumer
American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
Group of lab animal professionals; responsible for administering the examinations for the 3 different levels of a lab animal tech
Assistant Lab Animal Technician
This position compares to a CVA; this person will be certified through the AALAS
Lab Animal Technician
This position compares to a LVT; certification will be held through AALAS;
Lab Animal Technologist
This position compares to a LVT with a BS in veterinary technology (Licensed Veterinary Technologist); certification will be held through AALAS;
American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioner
The only organization to represent lab animal vets within AVMA; helps the AVMA to promote research and serves as a vessel for the dissemination of information for lab animal vets to help promote education and quality care for lab animals
American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine
is a group within the AVMA for veterinarians to become specialized in lab animal medicine; veterinarian must take the certification
examination to receive their Diplomate in lab animal medicine
similar to a kennel, found in smaller facilities; the risk of spreading pathogens is greater in this type of facility and the staff must take special precautions to not spread disease
referred to a clean/dirty facility; separate areas have 2 doors, 1 door is an exit(dirty) and 1 door(clean) is an entrance and they are unidirectional; personnel will leave through the dirty corridor; Most common type of facility
clean/dirty facility but the personnel must shower before entering and will usually be required to wear disposable clothing and pass through an airlock
has 2 doors that do not open simultaneously to keep air from entering the atmosphere to the animal/quarantine area; often this is where the employee will shower and don the disposable
very similar to the barrier facility but employees must shower when leaving the facility as well and all disposable clothing and materials used in the animal rooms will be autoclaved before being sent through a waste disposal system; the air leaving the facility is also treated to prevent any contaminants leaving the facility; this facility is used
more often for animals with infectious diseases and zoonotic diseases
Air changes only occur?
10-15 times per hour.
If it is changed out too often may
cause drafts in the cages.
Bird IV sites
Bird Subcutaneous sites
Bird Intraosseous sites
Bird oral sites
When to stop a clinical exam on a bird?
-Bird closes it's eyes in your hand
-failure to grasp with both feet
-no pressure when item inserted in beak
-immediatley place into heated hospital cage oxygen
Equine Infectious Anemia
Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)
-a persistent viral disease of horses that causes anemia, fever, and weight loss
-there is no treatment for this virus. It is a permanent once a horse is infected.
have long sharp beaks and can easily take out an eye
Materials needed for raptor restraint?
Towel, Gloves, & Eye Goggles
Full exam of raptors includes?
First walk in, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Beak/Mouth, Wings, BCS, Feet/Talons
chest bone, check for amount of muscling/flesh around it to determine the BCS (important for determining last meal, proper nutrition, and possibly hunting ability) (poor hunters don't eat well)
fleshy part of the beak
What type of bedding should be used for reptiles?
Aspen, Newspaper, Playsand
Most common problems seen in clinic with reptiles?
poor husbandry at home
How do you tell the difference in male and female tortoises?
Males have a concave under-shell but this isn't evident until they are several years old
Snakes that have a flat belly are good?
Temperature control is also very important, what does a higher temperature do?
increases metabolic rate
Specifically about turtles and tortoises, what else does the UV light provide for them?
Why is the particular quality of UV light not as important in carnivorous reptiles?
They eat whole animals that already have VD in their system
What happens to a reptile if it does not receive enough calcium in it's diet?
30 days in utero and about 6 months in pouch.
Male bird parakeets
Female bird parakeets
#1 killer of wildlife !!
plaques or pale lesions or scab-like plaques
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