Create an account
the logical, reflective examination of information and ideas to determine what to believe or do
verbal and nonverbal responses between communicators about the clarity or acceptability of messages
one person or group communicating to a large audience through some print or electronic medium
fair use provision
section of US copyright law allowing limited noncommercial use of copyrighted materials for teaching, criticism, scholarship, research, or commentary
plagiarism consisting of half original writing and half quotation from unattributed source
a strategy for reducing communication anxiety by replacing negative thoughts with positive ones
a speaker's lever of fear or anxiety resulting from anticipated or real communication with others
a strategy for reducing communication anxiety by picturing yourself delivering a successful speech
listening disturbances caused by attempts to recall minute details of what is being communicated
listening disturbances that originate in the physical environment and are perceived by the listeners senses
listening disturbances that originate in a listeners illness, fatigue, or unusual bodily stress
listening disturbances that originate in the listeners attitudes, preoccupations, or worries
listener's feelings of like or dislike or neutrality toward a speaker, the speaker's topic, or the occasion for a speech
a descriptive sketch of listener's characteristics, values, beliefs, attitudes, and actions
the strategy of dividing an audience into various subgroups based on their demographic and physiological profiles
the strategy of directing a speech primarily toward one or more portions of the entire audience
five basic human needs: physiological (food) , safety, belongingness, esteem, and self actualization
speech subjects geared to the interests and needs of a speaker's listeners
speech subjects derived from particular circumstances, seasons, holidays, or life events
a statement of the general purpose of the speech, the speakers intended audience, and the limited goal or outcome
informal written outline achieved by free associating around a key word or idea
a statement that orients the audience by revealing how the speaker had organized the body of the speech
a complete sentence outline written in sufficient detail that a person other than the speaker could understand it
key word or phrase outline
an outline in which all numbers and letters introduce words or groups of words
a brief outline for the speaker's use alone and containing source citations and delivery prompts
an informal, initial outline recording a speaker's process of narrowing, focusing, and balancing a topic
the mechanical process of forming the sounds necessary to communicate in a particular language
speaking from manuscript
delivering a speech from a text written word for word and practiced in advance
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