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why was the ottoman empire the sick man of europe?
because they were slowly loosing all of their territory
why does Japan join the allies?
they want control of the lands around the pacific oceans for natural resources
why did a lot of countries mobilize?
there hadn't been a major war in fifty years so they didn't remember how bad it was, they thought they would be home by christmas, nationalism
explain the schlieffen plan
germany knows they cannot fight russia and france on two different fronts so they decide to take over France by invading belgium (neutral state)
what halts german invasion in france?
battle of the marne; first trenches of the western front are dug
describe the battle of the Somme
it was a allied offensive, no breakthrough; over 1 million killed in 5 months
which battle was the worst for britain? why?
battle of the Somme because 60,000 british soldiers killed a day
what were some new uses of warfare on the western front?
air raids and submarines, zeppelin, unrestricted submarines, blockades
on the eastern front, what did french and british leaders ask Russia to do?
divert the german forces on the western front by attacking them on the east
what was the battle called when Russia listened to france and britain and attacked the eastern front?
Battle of Tannenberg
describe the gallipoli disaster
on the eastern front, the ottoman empire cuts off russia and fights them. the allied powers can no longer get in or out of russia
what does russia dropping out of the war do to the central powers?
it lets them move all of their troops to their western front
the colonies participated in the war, what did that lead to?
demands for independence and intense feelings of nationalism
what are two reasons why america joins the allies?
sinking of the lusitania and the zimmerman telegram
describe the sinking of the lusitania
an american passenger boat was hit by a german submarine in the atlantic ocean
germany wrote a letter to mexico saying that if they join the war, they will make sure they get back what three places?
texas, new mexico, and arizona
outcome of 2nd battle of the marne
bulgaria and ottomans surrender, austria and hungary separate and pull out of the war
who were the big four?
woodrow wilson, david llyod george (gb), georges clemceau (france), vittorio orlando (italy)
what did the treaty of versailles force germany to do?
pay for war preparations and loose alsace lorraine and all of the overseas colonies, limits german militaries
why was the formation of the league of nations ultimatley unsuccesful?
because united states and great britain refused to sign the treaty
what ends the era?
fall of the hapsburgs (austria and hre), hohenzollerns (prussia that became germany), and romanovs (russia) and ottoman empire
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