Expansion & Intensification of Communication & Exchange Networks
Terms in this set (18)
What happened to the trade routes from period 2?
IMPORTANCE/USE OF TRADE ROUTES GREW EXPONENTIALLY WITH MASSIVE EFFECTS ON THE EARTH
What were the big four trade routes?
What did the trade routes lead to?
LED TO POWERFUL NEW TRADING CITIES
(ex: Novgorod, Timbuktu, Swahili, Huangzhou, Calicut,
Baghdad, Melaka, Venice, (Tenochtitlan, Cahokia))
What spread along the trade routes?
Luxury goods (Ex: spices and porcelain)
What aided this spread?
NEW COMMERCIAL TECH. AIDED THIS SPREAD:
CARAVANSERAI (Roadside Inns)
CAMEL SADDLES (Saddles for Camels)
NEW NAVIGATIONAL TECH. AIDED THIS SPREAD:
COMPASS (from CHINA)
ASTROLABE (from Hellenistic world)
LARGER SHIP DESIGNS
What facilitated this spread?
NEW ECONOMIC TOOLS FACILITATED THIS SPREAD:
BILLS OF EXCHANGE
GOVERNMENT COINS/PAPER MONEY
TRADING ORGANIZATIONS (Hanseatic League)
GOVERNMENT COMMERCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
o GRAND CANAL (see MAP in CHINA)
What is all of this expedited by?
the SPREAD of LARGE EMPIRES
What cross-cultural exchanges took place?
& TECHNOLOGICAL ADAPTATION
-CENTRAL ASIAN HORSES
What migrations took place during this time period?
What languages spread along the routes?
What was the religion of Islam?
-Based on revelations to MUHAMMAD
-Mix of Judaism, Christianity, &
Zoroastrianism with the Arab people
of Arabian Peninsula
How did Islam spread?
Militarily & via Trade
What is diaspora?
People living away from their HOMELANDS
What are examples of diaspora?
• MUSLIMS in the INDIAN OCEAN
• CHINESE in SOUTHEAST ASIA
• JEWS in the MEDITERRANEAN
Who were inter-regional travelers?
What cross-cultural diffusion occurred?
-ISLAM to SOUTHEAST ASIA
EAST ASIA to
INDIAN MATH to ISLAMIC EMPIRES and GREEK SCIENCE &
PHIL back to Europe
What new crops were in new areas?
-Bananas to Africa
-New Rice to East Asia
-Dar-al-Islam & Mediter. Trade: Sugar, Cotton, & Citrus
What also increased as a result of the trade routes?
ALONG WITH GOODS, INCREASED TRADE
BRINGS DISEASE. Ex. The BLACK DEATH