US Gov't Review: The Judicial Review

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Terms in this set (...)

Rule of Law
All people are accountable under the law.
Due Process Clause
Safeguards in the 5th and 14th Amendment that protect the individual of their life, liberty, and property from the Gov't outside the sanction of law
Rights of the Accused
6th Amendment:
- The right to trial by jury
- The right to trial in a timely manner
- Informed of the nature and cause of all accusations against you
- The right to confront witnesses
- The right to compel witnesses
- The right to consul
Civil Trial Court
Usually disputes between two parties. Has a plaintiff, a defendant, and a prosecutor
Criminal Trial Court
A person or group of people is formally accused of a crime and are prosecuted by the gov't
Court of Appeals
If one believes the decision of the original court was wrong, one may appeal here for retrial.
Plaintiff
The accuser in a civil trial
Prosecutor
The accuser in a criminal trial
Appellate Jurisdiction
The power of a higher court to review and change the outcome of the decisions of lower courts.
Original Jurisdiction
The power of a court to hear a case for the first time
Writ of Certiorari
Order to a lower case to deliver it's record of a case so that a higher court may review it.
Appeal
Apply to higher court for revision of the outcome of a lower court case.
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