Terms in this set (25)
Laws passed that limited the freedom of black Americans
Ku Klux Klan
A group that demonstrated anger towards black Americans by using violence and terror.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws which enforced the segregation of black Americans and whites
Process of reuniting and rebuilding the nation following the civil war.
Charging the president with wrongdoing
Separation of facilities based on race or ethnicity
Farming system used I the South in which a worker farms the land and gives the landowner a portion of the crop as payment for rent
Organization that provided assistance to all poor people living in the South
Fee charged for voting in an effort to deny black Americans the right to vote
An examination to determine whether a person meets the reading requirements for voting
Passed by Congress in 1865 Made slavery illegal
Defined all people born in the U.S. as citizens with due protection of the law
Granted black men voting right in the U.S.
Hiram Rhodes Revels
an educated preacher who was born free; was elected as the first African American Senator
Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871
protected black voters from having to pass tests placed on them by Southerns at the voting booths
Southern Republicans that supported Reconstruction
Northerners who moved to the South to get involved in the politics; they were called carpetbaggers because they carried their luggage.
gave free federal land west of the Mississippi River. The people had to improve the land in some way; some freed slaves did receive this land, but most did not have the money to do so.
the government broke up Indian Reservation land into sections for each Indian to own, however this resulted in huge loss of Indian land.
Morrill Act (1862)
gave states federal land to finance colleges (ex: UT & Texas A&M were established during this time)
broken up into military districts, the Radical Republicans in Congress were passing laws to make sure that Southerners were punished for their acts during the war and would following the law
This land was open to freed blacks to move and have a fresh start of making a new life.
Union making laws to help the freed slaves establish new live
the Democrats were trying to restricts and hold back the freed slaves. They were also split up into military districts to try and control the Southerners.
wanted to pass laws to protect freed slaves and keep the newly re-joined United States together