24 terms

Judicial Branch

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judicial branch
The __________ of government interprets the law.
Supreme Court
The highest court in the United States is the US __________.
9
There are normally __________ members of the US Supreme Court.
district courts, circuit courts of appeals and the Supreme Court
The three levels of the Federal court system (from lowest court to highest) are __________.
President
Federal court judges (including members of the Supreme Court) are nominated by the __________ and confirmed by the Senate.
Senate
Federal court judges (including members of the Supreme Court) are nominated by the President and confirmed by the __________.
lifetime
Federal court judges serve a __________ tenure, or term of office (during good behavior).
appellate jurisdiction
If a court has __________, it has the power to hear appeals of cases that have been tried in lower courts.
Court order
__________ - a formal statement from a court that orders someone to do or stop doing something.
Justice
__________ - the title given to judges of the U.S. Supreme Court and Florida Supreme Court.
Original jurisdiction
__________ - the power of a court to be the first to hear a case on a specific topic.
State courts
__________ - courts that deal with issues of law relating to those matters that the U.S. Constitution did not give to the federal government and are included in a state's constitution.
writ of certiorari
When the Supreme Court agrees to hear a case, it issues a __________. That means that it is taking a case that is being appealed from a lower court.
Judicial review
__________ - the power of the judicial branch to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches and determine whether or not they are unconstitutional (this includes laws passed by Congress); the U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison established this power.
Marbury v. Madison
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1803) credited with establishing judicial review as a precedent.
Plessy v. Ferguson
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1896) that upheld racial segregation laws based on the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Brown v. Board of Education
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1954) that overturned the Plessy decision and banned racial segregation in public schools.
Gideon v. Wainwright
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1963) that criminal defendants have a right to an attorney, and that if they cannot afford one, one will be provided.
Miranda v. Arizona
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1966) that criminal defendants must be informed of their rights (remain silent, right to an attorney) before being questioned by the police.
In re Gault
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1967) that held that juveniles (children) accused of crimes in a delinquency proceeding must be afforded many of the same due process rights as adults, such as the right to timely notification of the charges, the right to confront witnesses, the right against self-incrimination, and the right to counsel (Wikipedia).
Tinker v. Des Moines
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1969) that literally stated that "Students don't shed their constitutional rights at the school house gates." Students do have free speech rights at school as long as they are not disrupting the educational environment.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1988) that school leaders can exercise editorial control over school newspapers -- students do not have a free speech to say whatever they want in a school publication.
United States v. Nixon
__________ - Supreme Court decision (1974) that order the President to turn over recordings made in the Oval Office that had been subpoenaed in a criminal case having to do with the Watergate break-ins. This decision upheld the idea that even the President of the United States must follow the rule of law.
Bush v. Gore
__________ - Supreme Court decision (2000) that ended the recounts in Florida in the 2000 Presidential election and, in effect, gave the Presidency to George W. Bush.